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Wisconsin's Eighth Grade Standards

  • WI.A. Content Standard: Geography

    People, Places and Environments: Students in Wisconsin will learn about geography through the study of the relationships among people, places, and environments.

    • A.8.1. Performance Standard:

      Use a variety of geographic representations, such as political, physical, and topographic maps, a globe, aerial photographs, and satellite images, to gather and compare information about a place.

    • A.8.2. Performance Standard:

      Construct mental maps of selected locales, regions, states, and countries and draw maps from memory, representing relative location, direction, size, and shape.

    • A.8.3. Performance Standard:

      Use an atlas to estimate distance, calculate scale, identify dominant patterns of climate and land use, and compute population density.

    • A.8.4. Performance Standard:

      Conduct a historical study to analyze the use of the local environment in a Wisconsin community and to explain the effect of this use on the environment.

    • A.8.5. Performance Standard:

      Identify and compare the natural resource bases of different states and regions in the United States and elsewhere in the world, using a statistical atlas, aerial photographs, satellite images, and computer databases.

    • A.8.6. Performance Standard:

      Describe and distinguish between the environmental effects on the earth of short-term physical changes, such as those caused by floods, droughts, and snowstorms, and long-term physical changes, such as those caused by plate tectonics, erosion, and glaciation.

    • A.8.7. Performance Standard:

      Describe the movement of people, ideas, diseases, and products throughout the world.

    • A.8.8. Performance Standard:

      Describe and analyze the ways in which people in different regions of the world interact with their physical environments through vocational and recreational activities.

    • A.8.9. Performance Standard:

      Describe how buildings and their decoration reflect cultural values and ideas, providing examples such as cave paintings, pyramids, sacred cities, castles, and cathedrals.

    • A.8.10. Performance Standard:

      Identify major discoveries in science and technology and describe their social and economic effects on the physical and human environment.

    • A.8.11. Performance Standard:

      Give examples of the causes and consequences of current global issues, such as the expansion of global markets, the urbanization of the developing world, the consumption of natural resources, and the extinction of species, and suggest possible responses by various individuals, groups, and nations.

  • WI.B. Content Standard: History

    Time, Continuity, and Change: Students in Wisconsin will learn about the history of Wisconsin, the United States, and the world, examining change and continuity over time in order to develop historical perspective, explain historical relationships, and analyze issues that affect the present and the future.

    • B.8.1. Performance Standard:

      Interpret the past using a variety of sources, such as biographies, diaries, journals, artifacts, eyewitness interviews, and other primary source materials, and evaluate the credibility of sources used.

    • B.8.2. Performance Standard:

      Employ cause-and-effect arguments to demonstrate how significant events have influenced the past and the present in United States and world history.

    • B.8.3. Performance Standard:

      Describe the relationships between and among significant events, such as the causes and consequences of wars in United States and world history.

    • B.8.4. Performance Standard:

      Explain how and why events may be interpreted differently depending upon the perspectives of participants, witnesses, reporters, and historians.

    • B.8.5. Performance Standard:

      Use historical evidence to determine and support a position about important political values, such as freedom, democracy, equality, or justice, and express the position coherently.

    • B.8.6. Performance Standard:

      Analyze important political values such as freedom, democracy, equality, and justice embodied in documents such as the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights.

    • B.8.7. Performance Standard:

      Identify significant events and people in the major eras of United States and world history.

    • B.8.8. Performance Standard:

      Identify major scientific discoveries and technological innovations and describe their social and economic effects on society.

    • B.8.9. Performance Standard:

      Explain the need for laws and policies to regulate science and technology.

    • B.8.10. Performance Standard:

      Analyze examples of conflict, cooperation, and interdependence among groups, societies, or nations.

    • B.8.11. Performance Standard:

      Summarize major issues associated with the history, culture, tribal sovereignty, and current status of the American Indian tribes and bands in Wisconsin.

    • B.8.12. Performance Standard:

      Describe how history can be organized and analyzed using various criteria to group people and events chronologically, geographically, thematically, topically, and by issues.

  • WI.C. Content Standard: Political Science and Citizenship

    Power, Authority, Governance, and Responsibility: Students in Wisconsin will learn about political science and acquire the knowledge of political systems necessary for developing individual civic responsibility by studying the history and contemporary uses of power, authority, and governance.

    • C.8.1. Performance Standard:

      Identify and explain democracy's basic principles, including individual rights, responsibility for the common good, equal opportunity, equal protection of the laws, freedom of speech, justice, and majority rule with protection for minority rights.

    • C.8.2. Performance Standard:

      Identify, cite, and discuss important political documents, such as the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and landmark decisions of the Supreme Court, and explain their function in the American political system.

    • C.8.3. Performance Standard:

      Explain how laws are developed, how the purposes of government are established, and how the powers of government are acquired, maintained, justified, and sometimes abused.

    • C.8.4. Performance Standard:

      Describe and explain how the federal system separates the powers of federal, state, and local governments in the United States, and how legislative, executive, and judicial powers are balanced at the federal level.

    • C.8.5. Performance Standard:

      Explain how the federal system and the separation of powers in the Constitution work to sustain both majority rule and minority rights.

    • C.8.6. Performance Standard:

      Explain the role of political parties and interest groups in American politics.

    • C.8.7. Performance Standard:

      Locate, organize, and use relevant information to understand an issue of public concern, take a position, and advocate the position in a debate.

    • C.8.8. Performance Standard:

      Identify ways in which advocates participate in public policy debates.

    • C.8.9. Performance Standard:

      Describe the role of international organizations such as military alliances and trade associations.

  • WI.D. Content Standard: Economics

    Production, Distribution, Exchange, Consumption: Students in Wisconsin will learn about production, distribution, exchange, and consumption so that they can make informed economic decisions.

    • D.8.1. Performance Standard:

      Describe and explain how money makes it easier to trade, borrow, save, invest, and compare the value of goods and services.

    • D.8.2. Performance Standard: Identify and explain basic economic concepts

      supply, demand, production, exchange, and consumption; labor, wages, and capital; inflation and deflation; market economy and command economy; public and private goods and services.

    • D.8.3. Performance Standard:

      Describe Wisconsin's role in national and global economies and give examples of local economic activity in national and global markets.

    • D.8.4. Performance Standard:

      Describe how investments in human and physical capital, including new technology, affect standard of living and quality of life.

    • D.8.5. Performance Standard:

      Give examples to show how government provides for national defense; health, safety, and environmental protection; defense of property rights; and the maintenance of free and fair market activity.

    • D.8.6. Performance Standard:

      Identify and explain various points of view concerning economic issues, such as taxation, unemployment, inflation, the national debt, and distribution of income.

    • D.8.7. Performance Standard:

      Identify the location of concentrations of selected natural resources and describe how their acquisition and distribution generates trade and shapes economic patterns.

    • D.8.8. Performance Standard:

      Explain how and why people who start new businesses take risks to provide goods and services, considering profits as an incentive.

    • D.8.9. Performance Standard:

      Explain why the earning power of workers depends on their productivity and the market value of what they produce.

    • D.8.10. Performance Standard:

      Identify the economic roles of institutions such as corporations and businesses, banks, labor unions, and the Federal Reserve System.

    • D.8.11. Performance Standard:

      Describe how personal decisions can have a global impact on issues such as trade agreements, recycling, and conserving the environment.

  • WI.E. Content Standard: The Behavioral Sciences

    Individuals, Institutions, and Society: Students in Wisconsin will learn about the behavioral sciences by exploring concepts from the discipline of sociology, the study of the interactions among individuals, groups, and institutions; the discipline of psychology, the study of factors that influence individual identity and learning; and the discipline of anthropology, the study of cultures in various times and settings.

    • E.8.1. Performance Standard:

      Give examples to explain and illustrate the influence of prior knowledge, motivation, capabilities, personal interests, and other factors on individual learning.

    • E.8.2. Performance Standard:

      Give examples to explain and illustrate how factors such as family, gender, and socioeconomic status contribute to individual identity and development.

    • E.8.3. Performance Standard:

      Describe the ways in which local, regional, and ethnic cultures may influence the everyday lives of people.

    • E.8.4. Performance Standard:

      Describe and explain the means by which individuals, groups, and institutions may contribute to social continuity and change within a community.

    • E.8.5. Performance Standard:

      Describe and explain the means by which groups and institutions meet the needs of individuals and societies.

    • E.8.6. Performance Standard:

      Describe and explain the influence of status, ethnic origin, race, gender, and age on the interactions of individuals.

    • E.8.7. Performance Standard:

      Identify and explain examples of bias, prejudice, and stereotyping, and how they contribute to conflict in a society.

    • E.8.8. Performance Standard:

      Give examples to show how the media may influence the behavior and decision-making of individuals and groups.

    • E.8.9. Performance Standard:

      Give examples of the cultural contributions of racial and ethnic groups in Wisconsin, the United States, and the world.

    • E.8.10. Performance Standard:

      Explain how language, art, music, beliefs, and other components of culture can further global understanding or cause misunderstanding.

    • E.8.12. Performance Standard:

      Explain how beliefs and practices, such as ownership of property or status at birth, may lead to conflict among people of different regions or cultures and give examples of such conflicts that have and have not been resolved.

    • E.8.13. Performance Standard:

      Describe conflict resolution and peer mediation strategies used in resolving differences and disputes.

    • E.8.14. Performance Standard:

      Select examples of artistic expressions from several different cultures for the purpose of comparing and contrasting the beliefs expressed.

    • E.8.15. Performance Standard:

      Describe cooperation and interdependence among individuals, groups, and nations, such as helping others in times of crisis.

 
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