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Washington's Ninth Grade Standards

  • WA.1. Ealr / Domain: CIVICS

    The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation's fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.

    • 1.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.

      • 1.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

        Evaluates the impact of various forms of government on people in the past or present.

    • 1.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes and organization of international relationships and United States foreign policy.

      • 1.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS

        Analyzes the relationships and tensions between national interests and international issues in the world in the past or present.

  • WA.2. Ealr / Domain: ECONOMICS

    The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.

    • 2.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.

      • 2.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC CHOICES

        Analyzes how the costs and benefits of economic choices have shaped events in the world in the past or present.

    • 2.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands how economic systems function.

      • 2.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

        Understands and analyzes how planned and market economies have shaped the production, distribution, and consumption of goods, services, and resources around the world in the past or present.

      • 2.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: TRADE

        Analyzes how and why countries have specialized in the production of particular goods and services in the past or present.

    • 2.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the government's role in the economy.

      • 2.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY

        Analyzes the costs and benefits of government trade policies from around the world in the past or present.

    • 2.4. Component / Goal:

      Understands the economic issues and problems that all societies face.

      • 2.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC ISSUES

        Analyzes and evaluates how people across the world have addressed issues involved with the distribution of resources and sustainability in the past or present.

  • WA.3. Ealr / Domain: GEOGRAPHY

    The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.

    • 3.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth's surface.


        Identifies major world regions and understands their cultural roots.

    • 3.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands human interaction with the environment.

      • 3.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN-ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION

        Analyzes and evaluates human interaction with the environment across the world in the past or present.

      • 3.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURE

        Understands and analyzes examples of ethnocentrism.

      • 3.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN MIGRATION

        Understands the causes and effects of voluntary and involuntary migration in the world in the past or present.

    • 3.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the geographic context of global issues and events.

      • 3.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: GEOGRAPHIC CONTEXT OF GLOBAL ISSUES

        Understands how the geography of expansion and encounter has shaped global politics and economics in the past or present.

  • WA.4. Ealr / Domain: HISTORY

    The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes in local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.

    • 4.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands historical chronology.

      • 4.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: CHRONOLOGY

        Analyzes change and continuity within a historical time period.

      • 4.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: CHRONOLOGICAL ERAS

        Understands how the following themes and developments help to define eras in world history:

        • 4.1.2.a. Grade Level Expectation:

          Global expansion and encounter (1450 - 1750).

        • 4.1.2.b. Grade Level Expectation:

          Age of revolutions (1750 - 1917).

        • 4.1.2.c. Grade Level Expectation:

          International conflicts (1870 - present).

        • 4.1.2.d. Grade Level Expectation:

          Emergence and development of new nations (1900 - present).

        • 4.1.2.e. Grade Level Expectation:

          Challenges to democracy and human rights (1945 - present).

    • 4.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands and analyzes causal factors that have shaped major events in history.

      • 4.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: INDIVIDUALS AND MOVEMENTS

        Analyzes how individuals and movements have shaped world history (1450 - present).

      • 4.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURES AND CULTURAL GROUPS

        Analyzes how cultures and cultural groups have shaped world history (1450-present).

      • 4.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: IDEAS AND TECHNOLOGY

        Analyzes and evaluates how technology and ideas have shaped world history (1450 - present).

    • 4.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands that there are multiple perspectives and interpretations of historical events.

      • 4.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL INTERPRETATION

        Analyzes and interprets historical materials from a variety of perspectives in world history (1450 - present).

      • 4.3.2. Benchmark / Gle: MULTIPLE CAUSATION

        Analyzes the multiple causal factors of conflicts in world history (1450 - present).

    • 4.4. Component / Goal:

      Uses history to understand the present and plan for the future.

      • 4.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL ANTECENDENTS

        Analyzes how an understanding of world history can help us prevent problems today.

  • WA.5. Ealr / Domain: SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS

    The student understands and applies reasoning skills to conduct research, deliberate, form, and evaluate positions through the processes of reading, writing, and communicating.

    • 5.1. Component / Goal:

      Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions.

      • 5.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: UNDERSTANDS REASONING

        Analyzes consequences of positions on an issue or event.

      • 5.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: EVALUATES REASONING

        Evaluates the precision of a position on an issue or event.

    • 5.2. Component / Goal:

      Uses inquiry-based research.

      • 5.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: FORMS QUESTIONS

        Creates and uses research questions that are tied to an essential question to focus inquiry on an idea, issue, or event.

      • 5.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: ANALYZES SOURCES

        Evaluates the validity, reliability, and credibility of sources when researching an issue or event.

    • 5.3. Component / Goal:

      Deliberates public issues.

      • 5.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: DELIBERATION

        Evaluates one's own viewpoint and the viewpoints of others in the context of a discussion.

    • 5.4. Component / Goal:

      Creates a product that uses social studies content to support a thesis and presents the product in an appropriate manner to a meaningful audience.

      • 5.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: CREATES POSITION AND PRODUCT

        Evaluates multiple reasons or factors to develop a position paper or presentation.

      • 5.4.2. Benchmark / Gle: CITING SOURCES

        Creates strategies to avoid plagiarism and respects intellectual property when developing a paper or presentation.