Teaching Materials
Ask a Master Teacher
Lesson Plan Gateway
Lesson Plan Reviews
State Standards
Teaching Guides
Digital Classroom
Ask a Digital Historian
Tech for Teachers
Beyond the Chalkboard
History Content
Ask a Historian
Beyond the Textbook
History Content Gateway
History in Multimedia
Museums and Historic Sites
National Resources
Website Reviews
Issues and Research
Report on the State of History Education
Research Briefs
Best Practices
Examples of Historical Thinking
Teaching in Action
Teaching with Textbooks
Using Primary Sources
TAH Projects
Lessons Learned
Project Directors Conference
Project Spotlight
TAH Projects
Technical Working Group
Research Advisors
Teacher Representatives
Quiz Rules
Teaching History.org logo and contact info

Washington's Eleventh Grade Standards

  • WA.1. Ealr / Domain: CIVICS

    The student understands and applies knowledge of government, law, politics, and the nation's fundamental documents to make decisions about local, national, and international issues and to demonstrate thoughtful, participatory citizenship.

    • 1.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents.

      • 1.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: IDEALS & PRINCIPLES

        Analyzes and evaluates the ways in which the U.S. Constitution and other fundamental documents promote key ideals and principles.

      • 1.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: APPLICATION OF IDEALS & PRINCIPLES

        Evaluates how well court decisions and government policies have upheld key ideals and principles in the United States.

    • 1.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes, organization, and function of governments, laws, and political systems.

      • 1.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: FUNCTION OF GOVERNMENT

        Evaluates the effectiveness of the system of checks and balances during a particular administration, court, Congress, or legislature.

    • 1.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the purposes and organization of international relationships and United States foreign policy.

      • 1.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS

        Analyzes and evaluates the causes and effects of U.S. foreign policy on people in the United States and the world in the past or present.

    • 1.4. Component / Goal:

      Understands civic involvement.

      • 1.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: CIVIC INVOLVEMENT

        Analyzes and evaluates ways of influencing local, state, and national governments to preserve individual rights and promote the common good.

  • WA.2. Ealr / Domain: ECONOMICS

    The student applies understanding of economic concepts and systems to analyze decision-making and the interactions between individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies.

    • 2.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices.

      • 2.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC CHOICES

        Analyzes the incentives for people's economic choices in the United States in the past or present.

    • 2.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands how economic systems function.

      • 2.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

        Understands that nations have competing philosophies about how best to produce, distribute, and consume goods, services, and resources.

      • 2.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: TRADE

        Analyzes how comparative advantage has affected United States imports and exports in the past or present.

    • 2.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the government's role in the economy.

      • 2.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY

        Evaluates the role of the U.S. government in regulating a market economy in the past or present.

    • 2.4. Component / Goal:

      Understands the economic issues and problems that all societies face.

      • 2.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: ECONOMIC ISSUES

        Analyzes and evaluates how people in the United States have addressed issues involved with the distribution of resources and sustainability in the past or present.

  • WA.3. Ealr / Domain: GEOGRAPHY

    The student uses a spatial perspective to make reasoned decisions by applying the concepts of location, region, and movement and demonstrating knowledge of how geographic features and human cultures impact environments.

    • 3.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands the physical characteristics, cultural characteristics, and location of places, regions, and spatial patterns on the Earth's surface.

      • 3.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: MAPS AND GEOGRAPHIC TOOLS

        Analyzes information from geographic tools, including computer-based mapping systems, to draw conclusions on an issue or event.


        Analyzes how differences in regions and spatial patterns have emerged in the United States from natural processes and human activities.

    • 3.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands human interaction with the environment.

      • 3.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN-ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION

        Analyzes and evaluates human interaction with the environment in the United States in the past or present.

      • 3.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURE

        Analyzes cultural interactions.

      • 3.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: HUMAN MIGRATION

        Analyzes the causes and effects of voluntary and involuntary migration in the United States in the past or present.

    • 3.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands the geographic context of global issues and events.

      • 3.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: GEOGRAPHIC CONTEXT OF GLOBAL ISSUES

        Analyzes and evaluates elements of geography to trace the emergence of the United States as a global economic and political force in the past or present.

  • WA.4. Ealr / Domain: HISTORY

    The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes in local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.

    • 4.1. Component / Goal:

      Understands historical chronology.

      • 4.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: CHRONOLOGICAL ERAS

        Understands how the following themes and developments help to define eras in U.S. history:

        • 4.1.2.a. Grade Level Expectation:

          Our foundations (1776 - 1791).

        • 4.1.2.b. Grade Level Expectation:

          Industrialization and the emergence of the United States as a world power (1890 - 1918).

        • 4.1.2.c. Grade Level Expectation:

          Reform, prosperity, and the Great Depression (1918 - 1939).

        • 4.1.2.d. Grade Level Expectation:

          World War II, the Cold War, and international relations (1939 - 1991).

        • 4.1.2.e. Grade Level Expectation:

          Movements and domestic Issues (1945 - 1991).

        • 4.1.2.f. Grade Level Expectation:

          Entering a new era (1991 - present).

    • 4.2. Component / Goal:

      Understands and analyzes causal factors that have shaped major events in history.

      • 4.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: INDIVIDUALS AND MOVEMENTS

        Evaluates how individuals and movements have shaped the United States (1890 - present).

      • 4.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: CULTURES AND CULTURAL GROUPS

        Analyzes how cultures and cultural groups have shaped the United States (1890 - present).

      • 4.2.3. Benchmark / Gle: IDEAS AND TECHNOLOGY

        Analyzes and evaluates how technology and ideas have shaped U.S. history (1890 - present).

    • 4.3. Component / Goal:

      Understands that there are multiple perspectives and interpretations of historical events.

      • 4.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL INTERPRETATION

        Analyzes differing interpretations of events in U.S. history (1890 - present).

      • 4.3.2. Benchmark / Gle: MULTIPLE CAUSATION

        Analyzes multiple causes of events in U.S. history, distinguishing between proximate and long-term causal factors (1890 - present).

    • 4.4. Component / Goal:

      Uses history to understand the present and plan for the future.

      • 4.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: HISTORICAL ANTECENDENTS

        Analyzes how an understanding of United States history can help us prevent problems today.

  • WA.5. Ealr / Domain: SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS

    The student understands and applies reasoning skills to conduct research, deliberate, form, and evaluate positions through the processes of reading, writing, and communicating.

    • 5.1. Component / Goal:

      Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions.

      • 5.1.1. Benchmark / Gle: UNDERSTANDS REASONING

        Analyzes the underlying assumptions of positions on an issue or event.

      • 5.1.2. Benchmark / Gle: EVALUATES REASONING

        Evaluates the depth of a position on an issue or event.

    • 5.2. Component / Goal:

      Uses inquiry-based research.

      • 5.2.1. Benchmark / Gle: FORMS QUESTIONS

        Evaluates and revises research questions to refine inquiry on an issue or event.

      • 5.2.2. Benchmark / Gle: ANALYZES SOURCES

        Evaluates the validity, reliability, and credibility of sources when researching an issue or event.

    • 5.3. Component / Goal:

      Deliberates public issues.

      • 5.3.1. Benchmark / Gle: DELIBERATION

        Creates and articulates possible alternative resolutions to public issues and evaluates these resolutions using criteria that have been identified in the context of a discussion.

    • 5.4. Component / Goal:

      Creates a product that uses social studies content to support a thesis and presents the product in an appropriate manner to a meaningful audience.

      • 5.4.1. Benchmark / Gle: CREATES POSITION AND PRODUCT

        Evaluates and interprets other points of view on an issue within a paper or presentation.