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Virginia's Tenth Grade Standards

  • Strand / Topic: World Geography

    • WG.1 Standard / Strand:

      The student will use maps, globes, photographs, and pictures in order to

      • WG.1a) Indicator / Standard:

        Obtain geographical information and apply the concepts of location, scale, and orientation;

      • WG.1b) Indicator / Standard:

        Develop and refine his or her mental maps of world regions;

      • WG.1c) Indicator / Standard:

        Create and compare political, physical, and thematic maps;

      • WG.1d) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyze and explain how different cultures develop different perspectives on the world and its problems;

      • WG.1e) Indicator / Standard:

        Recognize different map projections and explain the concept of distortion.

    • WG.2 Standard / Strand:

      The student will analyze how selected physical and ecological processes shape the Earth's surface by

      • WG.2a) Indicator / Standard:

        Identifying regional climatic patterns and weather phenomena and their effects on people and places;

      • WG.2b) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing how humans influence the environment and are influenced by it;

      • WG.2c) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining how technology affects one's ability to modify the environment and adapt to it.

    • WG.3 Standard / Strand:

      The student will apply the concept of a region by

      • WG.3a) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining how characteristics of regions have led to regional labels;

      • WG.3b) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining how regional landscapes reflect cultural characteristics of their inhabitants;

      • WG.3c) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing how cultural characteristics, including the world's major languages and religions, link or divide regions.

    • WG.4 Standard / Strand: The student will locate and analyze physical, economic, and cultural characteristics of world regions

      Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, United States and Canada, North Africa and Southwest Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Russia and Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands, and Antarctica.

    • WG.5 Standard / Strand:

      The student will compare and contrast the distribution, growth rates, and characteristics of human population in terms of settlement patterns and the location of natural and capital resources.

    • WG.6 Standard / Strand:

      The student will analyze past and present trends in human migration and cultural interaction as they are influenced by social, economic, political, and environmental factors.

    • WG.7 Standard / Strand:

      The student will identify natural, human, and capital resources and explain their significance by

      • WG.7a) Indicator / Standard:

        Showing patterns of economic activity and land use;

      • WG.7b) Indicator / Standard:

        Evaluating perspectives and consequences regarding the use of resources.

    • WG.8 Standard / Strand:

      The student will distinguish between developed and developing countries and relate the level of economic development to the standard of living and quality of life.

    • WG.9 Standard / Strand:

      The student will analyze the global patterns and networks of economic interdependence by

      • WG.9a) Indicator / Standard:

        Identifying criteria that influence economic activities;

      • WG.9b) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining comparative advantage and its relationship to international trade;

      • WG.9c) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing ways that economic and social interactions have changed over time;

      • WG.9d) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing and evaluating the formation of economic unions.

    • WG.10 Standard / Strand:

      The student will analyze how the forces of conflict and cooperation affect the division and control of the Earth's surface by

      • WG.10a) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining and analyzing reasons for the different spatial divisions at the local and regional levels;

      • WG.10b) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining and analyzing the different spatial divisions at the national and international levels;

      • WG.10c) Indicator / Standard:

        Analyzing ways cooperation occurs to solve problems and settle disputes.

    • WG.11 Standard / Strand:

      The student will analyze the patterns of urban development by

      • WG.11a) Indicator / Standard:

        Applying the concepts of site and situation to major cities in each region;

      • WG.11b) Indicator / Standard:

        Explaining how the functions of towns and cities have changed over time;

      • WG.11c) Indicator / Standard:

        Describing the unique influence of urban areas and some challenges they face.

    • WG.12 Standard / Strand:

      The student will apply geography to interpret the past, understand the present, and plan for the future by

      • WG.12a) Indicator / Standard:

        Using geographic knowledge, skills, and perspectives to analyze problems and make decisions;

      • WG.12b) Indicator / Standard:

        Relating current events to the physical and human characteristics of places and regions.