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Tennessee's Sixth Grade Standards

  • TN.6.1. Content Standard: Culture

    Culture encompasses similarities and differences among people including their beliefs, knowledge, changes, values, and traditions. Students will explore these elements of society to develop an appreciation and respect for the variety of human cultures.

    • 6.1.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the nature and complexity of culture.

      • 6.1.01.a. Benchmark:

        Define the basic components of culture.

      • 6.1.01.b. Benchmark:

        Identify how communities reflect the cultural background of their inhabitants.

      • 6.1.01.c. Benchmark:

        Compare how cultures differ in their use of similar environments and resources.

      • 6.1.01.d. Benchmark:

        Analyze how human migration and cultural activities influence the character of a place.

    • 6.1.02. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize the role of major religions.

      • 6.1.02.a. Benchmark:

        Define religion.

      • 6.1.02.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the beliefs of the world major religions.

      • 6.1.02.c. Benchmark:

        Identify the founders of the world's major religions.

    • 6.1.03. Learning Expectation:

      Appreciate the relationship between physical environments and culture.

      • 6.1.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify characteristics of a physical environment that contribute to the growth and development of a culture.

      • 6.1.03.b. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the effect of technology on a culture.

      • 6.1.03.c. Benchmark:

        Explain why individuals and groups respond differently to their physical and social environments.

    • 6.1.04. Learning Expectation:

      Recognize how cultural and individual's perceptions affect places and regions.

      • 6.1.04.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how information and experiences may be interpreted differently from people of diverse cultural perspectives and frames of reference.

      • 6.1.04.b. Benchmark:

        Describe instances in which language, art, music, belief systems, and other cultural elements can facilitate understanding or cause misunderstanding.

    • 6.1.05. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the role that diverse cultures and historical experiences had on the development of the world.

      • 6.1.05.a. Benchmark:

        Explain and give examples of how language, literature, the arts, architecture, other artifacts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behaviors contribute to the development and transmission of culture.

      • 6.1.05.b. Benchmark:

        Define cultural diffusion.

      • 6.1.05.c. Benchmark:

        Compare different ways in which cultural diffusion takes place.

    • 6.1.06. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the influence of science and technology on the development of culture through time.

      • 6.1.06.a. Benchmark:

        Construct a time line of technological innovations and rate the importance of technological advancements.

      • 6.1.06.b. Benchmark:

        Show through specific examples how science and technology have changed people's perceptions of the social and natural world.

      • 6.1.06.c. Benchmark:

        Describe examples in which values, beliefs, and attitudes have been influenced by technological knowledge.

  • TN.6.2. Content Standard: Economics

    Globalization of the economy, the explosion of population growth, technological changes and international competition compel students to understand, both personally and globally, production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Students will examine and analyze economic concepts such as basic needs versus wants, using versus saving money, and policy making versus decision making.

    • 6.2.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand fundamental economic concepts and their application to a variety of economic systems.

      • 6.2.01.a. Benchmark:

        Explain the relationship of supply and demand in early World History.

      • 6.2.01.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the change from hunter/gatherer economies to economies based on animal and plant domestication.

      • 6.2.01.c. Benchmark:

        Investigate the impact of trade on the economies of early civilizations.

    • 6.2.02. Learning Expectation:

      Discuss economic connections, conflicts, and interdependence.

      • 6.2.02.a. Benchmark:

        Define various types of economies and their methods of production and consumption.

      • 6.2.02.b. Benchmark:

        Apply economic concepts to evaluate historic developments.

      • 6.2.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explain the economic impact of improved communication and transportation.

      • 6.2.02.d. Benchmark:

        Appraise the relationship among scarcity of resources, economic development, and international conflict.

    • 6.2.03. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the potential costs and benefits of individual economic choices.

      • 6.2.03.a. Benchmark:

        Differentiate between needs and wants.

      • 6.2.03.b. Benchmark:

        Analyze how supply and demand, and change in technologies impact the cost for goods and services.

      • 6.2.03.c. Benchmark:

        Evaluate the relationship between creditors and debtors.

  • TN.6.3. Content Standard: Geography

    Geography enables the students to see, understand and appreciate the web of relationships among people, places, and environments. Students will use the knowledge, skills, and understanding of concepts within the six essential elements of geography: world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical systems, human systems, environment and society, and the uses of geography.

    • 6.3.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the characteristics and uses of maps.

      • 6.3.01.a. Benchmark:

        Use the basic elements of maps and mapping.

      • 6.3.01.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the locations of certain physical and human features and events on maps and globes.

    • 6.3.02. Learning Expectation:

      Know the location of places and geographic features, both physical and human.

      • 6.3.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the location of earth's major landforms such as continents, islands, and mountain ranges, and major bodies of water such as the oceans, seas, rivers, and gulfs.

      • 6.3.02.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the location of major physical characteristics such as landforms, climate, soils, water, features, vegetation, resources, and animal life, and human characteristics such as language groups, religions, political systems, economic systems, and population centers in the world.

      • 6.3.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how and why the location of geographic features both physical and human in the world change over time and space.

    • 6.3.03. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the characteristics and uses of spatial organization of Earth's surface.

      • 6.3.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify concepts that define and describe spatial organization such as location, distance, direction, scale, movement and region.

      • 6.3.03.b. Benchmark:

        Explain how changing technology such as transportation and communication technology affect spatial relationships.

    • 6.3.04. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the physical and human characteristics of place.

      • 6.3.04.a. Benchmark:

        Describe how physical and human processes shape the characteristics of a place.

      • 6.3.04.b. Benchmark:

        Explain how technology shapes the physical and human characteristics of places.

      • 6.3.04.c. Benchmark:

        Explain why places have specific physical and human characteristics in different parts of the world.

  • TN.6.4. Content Standard: Governance and Civics

    Governance establishes structures of power and authority in order to provide order and stability. Civic efficacy requires understanding rights and responsibilities, ethical behavior, and the role of citizens within their community, nation, and world.

    • 6.4.01. Learning Expectation:

      Explain the development of a people's need to belong and organize into a system of governance.

      • 6.4.01.a. Benchmark:

        Identify informal and formal forms of governance.

      • 6.4.01.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the purpose of governance and how its powers are acquired, used and justified.

      • 6.4.01.c. Benchmark:

        Analyze the necessity of establishing and enforcing the rule of law.

      • 6.4.01.d. Benchmark:

        Originate models of lower to higher forms of social and political orders.

    • 6.4.02. Learning Expectation:

      Describe the purposes and structure of governments.

      • 6.4.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify written laws handed down from ancient civilizations.

      • 6.4.02.b. Benchmark:

        Explore the development of citizenship and government in ancient civilizations.

      • 6.4.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explain and apply concepts such as power, role, status, justice and influence to the examination of persistent issues and social problems.

      • 6.4.02.d. Benchmark:

        Recognize the relationship between a place's physical, political, and cultural characteristics and the type of government that emerges in that place.

    • 6.4.03. Learning Expectation:

      Identify how cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control resources, rights, and privileges.

      • 6.4.03.a. Benchmark:

        Identify natural resources that are necessary to the survival of a civilization.

      • 6.4.03.b. Benchmark:

        Differentiate between rights and privileges of the individual.

      • 6.4.03.c. Benchmark:

        Consider how cooperation and conflict affects the dissemination of resources, rights and privileges.

  • TN.6.5. Content Standard: History

    History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop comparative and causal analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based.

    • 6.5.01. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 1

      The Beginnings of Human Society: Recognize the importance of fire, weapons, and tools to early cultures and agriculture.

      • 6.5.01.a. Benchmark:

        List ancient weapons and tools.

      • 6.5.01.b. Benchmark:

        Understand the role of the environment in terms of influencing the development of weapons, and tools.

      • 6.5.01.c. Benchmark:

        Explain the role of agriculture in early settled communities.

      • 6.5.01.d. Benchmark:

        Recognize the immediate and long term impacts and influences of early agricultural communities such as Southwest Asia and the African Nile Valley.

    • 6.5.02. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 1

      The Beginnings of Human Society: Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

      • 6.5.02.a. Benchmark:

        Describe the biological processes that shaped the earliest human communities.

      • 6.5.02.b. Benchmark:

        Identify the characteristics of hunter-gatherer communities in various continental regions in Africa versus the Americas.

      • 6.5.02.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how different early human communities expressed their beliefs.

    • 6.5.03. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 1

      The Beginnings of Human Society: Identify how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

      • 6.5.03.a. Benchmark:

        Explain how geologists, archaeologists, and anthropologists study early human development.

      • 6.5.03.b. Benchmark:

        Identify scientific evidence regarding early human settlements in Africa.

    • 6.5.04. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 2

      Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples (4000-1000 BCE): Recognize the importance of agriculture, evolution of writing, education, law, and trade in the development of early civilizations.

      • 6.5.04.a. Benchmark:

        Describe the characteristics of writing in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus valley and how their written records shaped political, legal, religious, and cultural life.

      • 6.5.04.b. Benchmark:

        Compare and contrast the Mycenaean Greek development of agriculture, writing, education, law and trade with another society.

      • 6.5.04.c. Benchmark:

        Explain how the development of different types of tools, laws, and religion influenced early Chinese civilization.

    • 6.5.05. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 2

      Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples (4000-1000 BCE): Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

      • 6.5.05.a. Benchmark:

        Compare and contrast how the economic, political, cultural, and environmental factors among the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Indus River Valley, China, and Mesopotamia shaped their histories.

      • 6.5.05.b. Benchmark:

        Explain the decline of the Indus Valley civilization.

      • 6.5.05.c. Benchmark:

        Identify significant individuals and events in Egyptian civilization.

      • 6.5.05.d. Benchmark:

        Describe the characteristics of Aryan society.

    • 6.5.06. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 2

      Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples (4000-1000 BCE): Identify how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

      • 6.5.06.a. Benchmark:

        Describe what archaeological evidence reveals about Chinese history during the Chang Dynasty.

      • 6.5.06.b. Benchmark:

        Identify early forms of writing, law, and trade i.e. cuneiform, hieroglyphics, barter, Code of Hammurabi, and the Ten Commandments.

    • 6.5.07. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 3

      Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 BCE-300 AD): Recognize the influence of major religions between both ancient eastern and western cultures.

      • 6.5.07.a. Benchmark:

        Illustrate the placement of major religions on the earth's surface.

      • 6.5.07.b. Benchmark:

        Compare and contrast elements of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

      • 6.5.07.c. Benchmark:

        Identify the causes and spread of Christianity.

      • 6.5.07.d. Benchmark:

        Explain the origins of Buddhism and fundamental Buddhist beliefs.

    • 6.5.08. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 3

      Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 BCE-300 AD): Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

      • 6.5.08.a. Benchmark:

        Explain the patterns of Phoenician political organization, culture, and trade in the Mediterranean basin.

      • 6.5.08.b. Benchmark:

        Describe the development of Greek city-states and their political and social characteristics.

      • 6.5.08.c. Benchmark:

        Identify the characteristics of the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires.

      • 6.5.08.d. Benchmark:

        Explain the impact and achievements of the Hellenistic period on art, mathematics, science, philosophy, and political thought.

      • 6.5.08.e. Benchmark:

        Understand the origins and social framework of Roman society.

      • 6.5.08.f. Benchmark:

        Identify fundamental social, political, and cultural characteristics of Chinese society under early imperial dynasties.

    • 6.5.09. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 3

      Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 BCE-300 AD): Identify how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

      • 6.5.09.a. Benchmark:

        Compare geographical and architectural features of Egypt.

      • 6.5.09.b. Benchmark:

        Identify major cultural elements of Greek society such as sculpture, architecture, and pottery.

      • 6.5.09.c. Benchmark:

        Explore the role of art, literature, and mythology in Greek society by analyzing primary sources.

      • 6.5.09.d. Benchmark:

        Explain the political, commercial and cultural uses of Latin and Greek as universal languages of the Roman Empire.

    • 6.5.10. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 3

      Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 BCE-300 AD): Understand the rise and decline of ancient civilizations.

      • 6.5.10.a. Benchmark:

        Construct time lines to show sequences of important dates and events.

      • 6.5.10.b. Benchmark:

        Identify cause and effect of events leading to the rise and decline of civilizations.

      • 6.5.10.c. Benchmark:

        Describe how the rise and decline of military power, state bureaucracy, legal codes, belief systems, written languages, and communications and trade networks affected societies.

    • 6.5.11. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 4

      Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (300AD-1000 AD): Understand feudalism and the rise of the Christian church a dominant factor in Medieval Europe.

      • 6.5.11.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the spread of Christian belief in Europe.

      • 6.5.11.b. Benchmark:

        Diagram the social structure of medieval society.

      • 6.5.11.c. Benchmark:

        Explain the significance of Norse migrations and invasions.

      • 6.5.11.d. Benchmark:

        Describe social class and gender roles in Medieval Europe.

    • 6.5.12. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 4

      Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (300AD-1000 AD): Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

      • 6.5.12.a. Benchmark:

        Understand the significant features of Mayan and Andean civilization as in their location of cities, road systems, sea routes, status of elite women and men, art, and architecture.

      • 6.5.12.b. Benchmark:

        Recognize the importance of maritime and overland trade routes linking regions of Afro-Eurasian societies.

    • 6.5.13. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 4

      Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (300AD-1000 AD): Identify how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

      • 6.5.13.a. Benchmark:

        List the major achievements in technology, astronomy, and medicine in the Gupta societies.

      • 6.5.13.b. Benchmark:

        Identify monastic examples of preserving Greco-Roman and early Christian learning.

      • 6.5.13.c. Benchmark:

        Read an example of African oral history for its historical importance.

    • 6.5.14. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 4

      Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (300AD-1000 AD): Understand the achievements of great African and Asian empires.

      • 6.5.14.a. Benchmark:

        Identify the spread of Islamic belief in Asia and Africa.

      • 6.5.14.b. Benchmark:

        Explain how the influence of Islamic ideas and practices influenced culture and social behavior.

      • 6.5.14.c. Benchmark:

        Describe the characteristics of and development of great African and Asian civilizations.

      • 6.5.14.d. Benchmark:

        Identify the impact of Chinese society on surrounding cultures in terms of assimilation of ideas and political autonomy.

    • 6.5.15. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 5

      The Emergence of Europe (1200-1500AD): Appreciate the shift in institutions from a church dominated society to the rise of science, philosophy, and art.

      • 6.5.15.a. Benchmark:

        Recognize the developments of science, philosophy, and art in the 14th and 15th centuries.

      • 6.5.15.b. Benchmark:

        Understand the significant developments of medieval English in legal and constitutional practices and how this shaped the development of European governments.

      • 6.5.15.c. Benchmark:

        Recognize the origins and the economic, social, and political impact of the plague upon Eurasian societies.

      • 6.5.15.d. Benchmark:

        Judge the significance of the Reformation on the development of Europe.

    • 6.5.16. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 5

      The Emergence of Europe (1200-1500AD): Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

      • 6.5.16.a. Benchmark:

        Compare and contrast feudalism and manoralism.

      • 6.5.16.b. Benchmark:

        Explain the cultural characteristics of Islamic society such as a common language, religious text, and society and how this led to cohesiveness across regions.

      • 6.5.16.c. Benchmark:

        Identify features of trade routes in Asia, Europe, and Africa.

      • 6.5.16.d. Benchmark:

        Describe the roles and motivations of squires, saints, and soldiers in Christian Europe.

      • 6.5.16.e. Benchmark:

        Describe the economic, social, and religious features of West Africa.

    • 6.5.17. Learning Expectation: World History Standards Era 5

      The Emergence of Europe (1200-1500AD): Identify how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

      • 6.5.17.a. Benchmark:

        Identify aspects of the architecture of Medieval Europe and how some elements may still be seen in local and modern architecture.

      • 6.5.17.b. Benchmark:

        Compare and contrast art, architecture, and education in medieval Christian and Spanish Muslim society.

      • 6.5.17.c. Benchmark:

        Rate the importance of foreign sources in recording the history in areas of Mongol domination as in the travels of Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta.

  • TN.6.6. Content Standard: Individuals, Groups, and Interactions

    Personal development and identity are shaped by factors including culture, groups, and institutions. Central to this development are exploration, identification, and analysis of how individuals and groups work independently and cooperatively.

    • 6.6.01. Learning Expectation:

      Understand the impact of individual and group decisions on citizens and communities.

      • 6.6.01.a. Benchmark:

        Recognize that individuals can belong to groups but still have their own identity.

      • 6.6.01.b. Benchmark:

        Relate personal changes to social, cultural, and historical contexts.

      • 6.6.01.c. Benchmark:

        Describe personal connections to place, as associated with community, nation and world.

      • 6.6.01.d. Benchmark:

        Describe ways regional, ethnic, and national cultures influence individuals' daily lives.

    • 6.6.02. Learning Expectation:

      Understand how groups can impact change at world levels.

      • 6.6.02.a. Benchmark:

        Identify and describe ways family, groups, and community influence the individual's daily life and personal choices.

      • 6.6.02.b. Benchmark:

        Demonstrate an understanding of concepts such as role, status, and social class in describing the interactions of individuals and social groups.

      • 6.6.02.c. Benchmark:

        Analyze group and institutional influences on people, events, and elements of culture.

 
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