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South Dakota's Eighth Grade Standards

  • SD.8.US. Goal / Strand: U.S. History

    Students will understand the emergence and development of civilizations and cultures within the United States over time and place.

    • 8.US.1. Indicator / Benchmark:

      Analyze U.S. historical eras to determine connections and cause/effect relationships in reference to chronology.

      • 8.US.1.1. Standard:

        (Analysis) Students are able to relate events and outcomes of the American Revolution to sources of conflict, roles of key individuals and battles, and political documents.

      • 8.US.1.2. Standard:

        (Comprehension) Students are able to describe the unfolding of westward expansion and reform movements in the United States.

      • 8.US.1.3. Standard:

        (Comprehension) Students are able to describe the sources of conflict, key individuals, battles, and political documents of the Civil War period.

      • 8.US.1.4. Standard:

        (Comprehension) Students are able to summarize the political and social changes in the United States during Reconstruction.

    • 8.US.2. Indicator / Benchmark:

      Evaluate the influence/impact of various cultures, values, philosophies, and religions on the development of the U.S.

      • 8.US.2.1. Standard:

        (Analysis) Students are able to explain the impact of the American Revolution on American philosophies.

      • 8.US.2.2. Standard:

        (Analysis) Students are able to summarize the influence of westward expansion and reform movements on American culture, philosophies, and religions.

      • 8.US.2.3. Standard:

        (Analysis) Students are able to summarize the impacts of the Civil War on American culture and philosophies.

      • 8.US.2.4. Standard:

        (Analysis) Students are able to describe the impact of various cultures and philosophies on the U.S. during Reconstruction.

  • SD.8.C. Goal / Strand: Civics (Government)

    Students will understand the historical development and contemporary role of governmental power and authority.

    • 8.C.1. Indicator / Benchmark:

      Analyze forms and purposes of government in relationship to the needs of citizens and societies including the impact of historical events, ideals, and documents.

      • 8.C.1.1. Standard: (Comprehension) Students are able to describe the basic structure of government adopted through compromises by the Constitutional Convention (Examples

        three branches, separation of powers, checks and balances; Great Compromise, Three-Fifths Compromise).

      • 8.C.1.2. Standard: (Application) Students are able to describe the relationship of government to citizens and groups during the Westward Expansion (Examples

        Northwest Ordinance, Land Ordinance of 1785).

      • 8.C.1.3. Standard: (Application) Students are able to describe the successes and problems of the government under the Articles of Confederation (Examples

        Shay's Rebellion, lack of taxation).

      • 8.C.1.4. Standard: (Comprehension) Students are able to describe the impact of the Civil War on the United States government (Examples

        Emancipation Proclamation, Confederate States of America).

    • 8.C.2. Indicator / Benchmark:

      Analyze the constitutional rights and responsibilities of United States citizens.

      • 8.C.2.1. Standard: (Comprehension) Students are able to describe the fundamental liberties and rights stated in the first 15 amendments of the Constitution (Examples

        Bill of Rights, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, right to bear arms, Civil War amendments).

  • SD.8.E. Goal / Strand: Economics

    Students will understand the impact of economics on the development of societies and on current and emerging national and international situations.

    • 8.E.1. Indicator / Benchmark:

      Analyze the role and relationships of economic systems on the development, utilization, and availability of resources in societies.

      • 8.E.1.1. Standard: (Comprehension) Students are able to identify economic support for America during conflicts (Examples

        France, Spain, Native American; money, goods and supplies, services; Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Civil War).

      • 8.E.1.2. Standard: (Analysis) Students are able to describe how westward expansion was motivated by economic gain (Examples

        gold rush, fur trade, agriculture; supply and demand, buying on credit, wants vs. needs).

      • 8.E.1.3. Standard: (Analysis) Students are able to describe the impact of technology and industrialization on mid-1800s America (Examples

        cotton gin, McCormick reaper, steamboat, steam locomotive; big business).

      • 8.E.1.4. Standard: (Comprehension) Students are able to outline the economic effects of Reconstruction in the United States (Examples

        share cropping, contract system).

 
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