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South Carolina's Seventh Grade Standards

  • SC.7-1. Standard / Course—Contemporary Cultures: 1600 to the Present

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the growth and impact of global trade on world civilizations after 1600.

    • 7-1.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the colonial claims and the expansion of European powers through 1770.

    • 7-1.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain how technological and scientific advances contributed to the power of European nations.

    • 7-1.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the policy of mercantilism as a way of building a nation’s wealth, including government policies to control trade.

    • 7-1.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the beginnings of capitalism and the ways that it was affected by mercantilism, the developing market economy, international trade, and the rise of the middle class.

    • 7-1.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the differing ways that European nations developed political and economic influences, including trade and settlement patterns, on the continents of Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Identify and explain the relationships among multiple causes and multiple effects.
      2. Explain why trade occurs and how historical patterns of trade have contributed to global interdependence.
      3. Select or design appropriate forms of social studies resources(7-1) to organize and evaluate social studies information.
      4. Identify the location of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      (7-1)Social studies resources include the following: texts, calendars, timelines, maps, mental maps, charts, tables, graphs, flow charts, diagrams, photographs, illustrations, paintings, cartoons, architectural drawings, documents, letters, censuses, artifacts, models, geographic models, aerial photographs, satellite-produced images, and geographic information systems.
  • SC.7-2. Standard / Course—Contemporary Cultures: 1600 to the Present

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of limited government and unlimited government as they functioned in Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

    • 7-2.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the characteristics of limited government and unlimited government that evolved in Europe in the 1600s and 1700s.

    • 7-2.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain how the scientific revolution challenged authority and influenced Enlightenment philosophers, including the importance of the use of reason, the challenges to the Catholic Church, and the contributions of Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton.

    • 7-2.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the Enlightenment ideas of John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Montesquieu, and Voltaire that challenged absolutism and influenced the development of limited government.

    • 7-2.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the effects of the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution on the power of the monarchy in England and on limited government.

    • 7-2.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain how the Enlightenment influenced the American and French revolutions leading to the formation of limited forms of government, including the relationship between people and their government, the role of constitutions, the characteristics of shared powers, the protection of individual rights, and the promotion of the common good.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      2. Understand responsible citizenship in relation to the state, national, and international communities.
      3. Evaluate multiple points of view or biases and attribute the perspectives to the influences of individual experiences, societal values, and cultural traditions.
  • SC.7-3. Standard / Course—Contemporary Cultures: 1600 to the Present

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of independence movements that occurred throughout the world from 1770 through 1900.

    • 7-3.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the causes, key events, and outcomes of the French Revolution, including the storming of the Bastille, the Reign of Terror, and Napoleon’s rise to power.

    • 7-3.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the effects of the Napoleonic Wars on the development and spread of nationalism in Europe, including the Congress of Vienna, the revolutionary movements of 1830 and 1848, and the unification of Germany and Italy.

    • 7-3.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain how the Haitian, Mexican, and South American revolutions were influenced by Enlightenment ideas as well as by the spread of nationalism and the revolutionary movements in the United States and Europe.

    • 7-3.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain how the Industrial Revolution caused economic, cultural, and political changes around the world.

    • 7-3.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the ways that industrialization contributed to imperialism in India, Japan, China, and African regions, including the need for new markets and raw materials, the Open Door Policy, and the Berlin Conference of 1884.

    • 7-3.6. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain reactions to imperialism that resulted from growing nationalism, including the Zulu wars, the Sepoy Rebellion, the Opium Wars, the Boxer Rebellion, and the Meiji Restoration.

    • 7-3.7. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the causes and effects of the Spanish-American War as a reflection of American imperialist interests, including acquisitions, military occupations, and status as an emerging world power.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      2. Interpret parallel time lines from different places and cultures.
      3. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      4. Evaluate multiple points of view or biases and attribute the perspectives to the influences of individual experiences, societal values, and cultural traditions.
  • SC.7-4. Standard / Course—Contemporary Cultures: 1600 to the Present

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century.

    • 7-4.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the causes and course of World War I, including militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the impact of Russia’s withdrawal from, and the United States entry into the war.

    • 7-4.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the outcomes of World War I, including the creation of President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, the Treaty of Versailles, the shifts in national borders, and the League of Nations.

    • 7-4.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the causes and effects of the worldwide depression that took place in the 1930s, including the effects of the economic crash of 1929.

    • 7-4.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the ideologies of socialism, communism, fascism, and Nazism and their influence on the rise of totalitarian governments after World War I in Italy, Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union as a response to the worldwide depression.

    • 7-4.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the causes and course of World War II, including drives for empire, appeasement and isolationism, the invasion of Poland, the Battle of Britain, the invasion of the Soviet Union, the “Final Solution,” the Lend-Lease program, Pearl Harbor, Stalingrad, the campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean, the D-Day invasion, the island-hopping campaigns, and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

    • 7-4.6. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the Holocaust and its impact on European society and Jewish culture, including Nazi policies to eliminate the Jews and other minorities, the Nuremberg trials, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the rise of nationalism in Southwest Asia (Middle East), the creation of the state of Israel, and the resultant conflicts in the region.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Compare the locations of places, the conditions at places, and the connections between places.
      2. Select or design appropriate forms of social studies resources(7-4) to organize and evaluate social studies information.
      3. Identify and explain the relationships among multiple causes and multiple effects.
      (7-4)Social studies resources include the following: texts, calendars, timelines, maps, mental maps, charts, tables, graphs, flow charts, diagrams, photographs, illustrations, paintings, cartoons, architectural drawings, documents, letters, censuses, artifacts, models, geographic models, aerial photographs, satellite-produced images, and geographic information systems.
  • SC.7-5. Standard / Course—Contemporary Cultures: 1600 to the Present

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era.

    • 7-5.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the political and economic ideologies of the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

    • 7-5.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the impact of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the United Nations, and the Warsaw Pact on the course of the Cold War.

    • 7-5.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the spread of communism in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America, including the ideas of the satellite state containment, and the domino theory.

    • 7-5.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the political and technological competition between the Soviet Union and the United States for global influence, including the Korean Conflict, the Berlin Wall, the Vietnam War, the Cuban missile crisis, the “space race,” and the threat of nuclear annihilation.

    • 7-5.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Analyze the events that contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union and other communist governments in Europe, including the growth of resistance movements in Eastern Europe, the policies of Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan, and the failures of communist economic systems.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Identify and explain the relationships among multiple causes and multiple effects.
      2. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      3. Evaluate multiple points of view or biases and attribute the perspectives to the influences of individual experiences, societal values, and cultural traditions.
      4. Cite specific textual evidence to support the analysis of primary and secondary sources.
  • SC.7-6. Standard / Course—Contemporary Cultures: 1600 to the Present

    The student will demonstrate an understanding of the significant political, economic, geographic, scientific, technological, and cultural changes as well as the advancements that have taken place throughout the world from the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 to the present day.

    • 7-6.1. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the political and social impact of the collapse/dissolution of the Soviet Union and subsequent changes to European borders, including those of Russia and the Independent Republics, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia; the breakup of Yugoslavia; the reunification of Germany; and the birth of the European Union (EU).

    • 7-6.2. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare features of nationalist and independence movements in different regions in the post–World War II period, including Mohandas Gandhi’s role in the non-violence movement for India’s independence, the emergence of nationalist movements in African and Asian countries, and the collapse of the apartheid system in South Africa.

    • 7-6.3. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East, including the Persian Gulf War, the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    • 7-6.4. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Compare the social, economic, and political opportunities for women in various nations and societies around the world, including those in developing and industrialized nations and within societies dominated by religions.

    • 7-6.5. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Explain the significance and impact of the information, technological, and communications revolutions, including the role of television, satellites, computers, and the Internet.

    • 7-6.6. Knowledge And Skills / Essential Question:

      Summarize the dangers to the natural environment that are posed by population growth, urbanization, and industrialization, including global influences on the environment and the efforts by citizens and governments to protect the natural environment.

    • Social Studies Literacy Skills for the Twenty-First Century:

      1. Select or design appropriate forms of social studies resources(7-6) to organize and evaluate social studies information.
      2. Identify and explain the relationships among multiple causes and multiple effects.
      3. Integrate information from a variety of media sources with print or digital text in an appropriate manner.
      4. Explain change and continuity over time and across cultures.
      5. Evaluate multiple points of view or biases and attribute the perspectives to the influences of individual experiences, societal values, and cultural traditions.
      (7-6)Social studies resources include the following: texts, calendars, timelines, maps, mental maps, charts, tables, graphs, flow charts, diagrams, photographs, illustrations, paintings, cartoons, architectural drawings, documents, letters, censuses, artifacts, models, geographic models, aerial photographs, satellite-produced images, and geographic information systems.
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