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Maine: 8th-Grade Standards

  • ME.A. Content Standard: Applications of Social Studies Processes, Knowledge, and Skills

    Students apply critical thinking, a research process, and discipline-based processes and knowledge from civics/government, economics, geography, and history in authentic contexts.

    • A.1. Performance Indicator: Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues

      Students research, select, and present a position on a current social studies issue by proposing and revising research questions, and locating and selecting information from multiple and varied sources.

      • A.1.a. Grade Level Example:

        Propose and revise research questions related to a current social studies issue.

      • A.1.b. Grade Level Example:

        Determine the nature and extent of information needed.

      • A.1.c. Grade Level Example:

        Locate and access relevant information that includes multiple perspectives from varied sources.

      • A.1.d. Grade Level Example:

        Demonstrate facility with note-taking, organizing information, and creating bibliographies.

      • A.1.e. Grade Level Example:

        Distinguish between primary and secondary sources.

      • A.1.f. Grade Level Example:

        Evaluate and verify the credibility of the information found in print and non-print sources.

      • A.1.g. Grade Level Example:

        Use additional sources to resolve contradictory information.

      • A.1.h. Grade Level Example:

        Summarize and interpret information found in varied sources and/or from fieldwork, experiments, and interviews.

      • A.1.i. Grade Level Example:

        Select a clear supportable position.

      • A.1.j. Grade Level Example:

        Present a well-supported position, based on findings that integrate paraphrasing, quotations, and citations, to a variety of audiences.

      • A.1.k. Grade Level Example:

        Use appropriate tools, methods, and sources from government, history, geography, economics, or related fields.

      • A.1.l. Grade Level Example:

        Use information ethically and legally.

    • A.2. Performance Indicator: Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills

      Students make individual and collaborative decisions on matters related to social studies using relevant information and research and discussion skills.

      • A.2.a. Grade Level Example:

        Develop individual and collaborative decisions/plans by contributing equitably to collaborative discussions, seeking and examining alternative ideas, considering the pros and cons, and thoughtfully and respectfully recognizing the contributions of other group members.

      • A.2.b. Grade Level Example:

        Make a real or simulated decision related to the classroom, school, community, civic organization, Maine, or beyond by applying appropriate and relevant social studies knowledge and skills, including research skills, and other relevant information.

    • A.3. Performance Indicator: Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills

      Students select, plan, and implement a civic action or service-learning project based on a school, community, or State asset or need, and analyze the project's effectiveness and civic contribution.

  • ME.B. Content Standard: Civics and Government

    Students draw on concepts from civics and government to understand political systems, power, authority, governance, civic ideals and practices, and the role of citizens in the community, Maine, the United States, and world.

    • B.1. Performance Indicator: Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government

      Students understand the basic ideals, purposes, principles, structures, and processes of constitutional government in Maine and the United States as well as examples of other forms of government in the world.

      • B.1.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain that the study of government includes the structures and functions of government and the political and civic activity of citizens.

      • B.1.b. Grade Level Example:

        Analyze examples of democratic ideals and constitutional principles that include the rule of law, legitimate power, and common good.

      • B.1.c. Grade Level Example:

        Describe the structures and processes of United States government and government of the State of Maine and how these are framed by the United States Constitution, the Maine Constitution, and other primary sources.

      • B.1.d. Grade Level Example:

        Explain the concepts of federalism and checks and balances and the role these concepts play in the governments of the United States and Maine as framed by the United States Constitution, the Maine Constitution and other primary sources.

      • B.1.e. Grade Level Example:

        Compare how laws are made in Maine and at the federal level in the United States.

      • B.1.f. Grade Level Example:

        Compare the structures and processes of United States government with examples of other forms of government.

    • B.2. Performance Indicator: Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government

      Students understand constitutional and legal rights, civic duties and responsibilities, and roles of citizens in a constitutional democracy.

      • B.2.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain the constitutional and legal status of ''citizen'' and provide examples of rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens.

      • B.2.b. Grade Level Example:

        Describe how the powers of government are limited to protect individual rights and minority rights as described in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

      • B.2.c. Grade Level Example:

        Analyze examples of the protection of rights in court cases or from current events.

      • B.2.d. Grade Level Example:

        Analyze how people influence government and work for the common good including voting, writing to legislators, performing community service, and engaging in civil disobedience.

    • B.3. Performance Indicator: Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government

      Students understand political and civic aspects of unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and various world cultures including Maine Native Americans.

      • B.3.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain basic constitutional, political, and civic aspects of historical and/or current issues that involve unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and other nations.

      • B.3.b. Grade Level Example:

        Describe the political structures and civic responsibilities within diverse cultures, including Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and various cultures in the world.

  • ME.C. Content Standard: Economics

    Students draw on concepts and processes from economics to understand issues of personal finance and issues of production, distribution, and consumption in the community, Maine, the United States, and world.

    • C.1. Performance Indicator: Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

      Students understand the principles and processes of personal economics, the influence of economics on personal life and business, and the economic systems of Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world.

      • C.1.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain that economics is the study of how scarcity requires choices about what, how, for whom, and in what quantity to produce, and how scarcity relates to market economy, entrepreneurship, supply and demand, and personal finance.

      • C.1.b. Grade Level Example:

        Describe the functions of economic institutions and economic processes including financial institutions, businesses, government, taxing, and trade.

      • C.1.c. Grade Level Example:

        Identify factors that contribute to personal spending and savings decisions including work, wages, income, expenses, and budgets as they relate to the study of individual financial choices.

    • C.2. Performance Indicator: Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics

      Students understand economic aspects of unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and various world cultures, including Maine Native Americans.

      • C.2a. Grade Level Example:

        Describe factors in economic development, and how states, regions, and nations have worked together to promote economic unity and interdependence.

      • C.2b. Grade Level Example:

        Describe the economic aspects of diverse cultures, including Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and various cultures in the world.

  • ME.D. Content Standard: Geography

    Students draw on concepts and processes from geography to understand issues involving people, places, and environments in the community, Maine, the United States, and world.

    • D.1. Performance Indicator: Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

      Students understand the geography of the community, Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world and the geographic influences on life in the past, present, and future.

      • D.1.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain that geography includes the study of physical, environmental, and cultural features of the State, nation, and various regions of the world to identify consequences of geographic influences and make predictions.

      • D.1.b. Grade Level Example:

        Use the geographic grid and a variety of types of maps to gather geographic information.

      • D.1.c. Grade Level Example:

        Identify the major regions of the Earth and their major physical features and political boundaries using a variety of geographic tools.

      • D.1.d. Grade Level Example:

        Describe the impact of change, including technological change, on the physical and cultural environment.

    • D.2. Performance Indicator: Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography

      Students understand geographic aspects of unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and various world cultures, including Maine Native Americans.

      • D.2.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain geographic features that have impacted unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and other nations.

      • D.2.b. Grade Level Example:

        Describe the dynamic relationship between geographic features and various cultures, including the cultures of Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and other cultures in the world.

  • ME.E. Content Standard: History

    Students draw on concepts and processes from history to develop historical perspective and understand issues of continuity and change in the community, Maine, the United States, and world.

    • E.1. Performance Indicator: Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

      Students understand major eras, major enduring themes, and historic influences in the history of Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world.

      • E.1.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain that history includes the study of past human experience based on available evidence from a variety of sources; and explain how history can help one better understand and make informed decisions about the present and future.

      • E.1.b. Grade Level Example:

        Identify and analyze major historical eras, major enduring themes, turning points, events, consequences, and people in the history of Maine, the United States and various regions of the world.

      • E.1.c. Grade Level Example:

        Trace and explain the history of democratic ideals and constitutional principles and their importance in the history of the United States and the world.

      • E.1.d. Grade Level Example:

        Analyze interpretations of historical events that are based on different perspectives and evidence.

    • E.2. Performance Indicator: Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

      Students understand historical aspects of unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and various world cultures, including Maine Native Americans.

      • E.2.a. Grade Level Example:

        Explain how both unity and diversity have had important roles in the history of Maine, the United States, and other nations.

      • E.2.b. Grade Level Example:

        Identify and compare a variety of cultures through time, including comparisons of native and immigrant groups in the United States, and eastern and western societies in the world.

      • E.2.c. Grade Level Example:

        Describe major turning points and events in the history of Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in Maine, the United States, and other cultures in the world.

 
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