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Louisiana: 8th-Grade Standards

  • LA.G-M. Content Standard: Geography

    Physical and Cultural Systems: Students develop a spatial understanding of Earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between people and places, and the relationship between man and his environment.

    • G-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      identifying and describing the characteristics, functions, and applications of various types of maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      interpreting and developing maps, globes, graphs, charts, models, and databases to analyze spatial distributions and patterns. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      organizing and displaying information about the location of geographic features and places by using mental mapping skills. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      explaining and analyzing both the physical and human phenomena associated with specific places, including precipitation and settlement patterns. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      identifying and describing significant physical features that have influenced historical events. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      identifying criteria used to define regions and explaining how and why regions change. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      describing and explaining how personal interests, culture, and technology affect people's perceptions and uses of places and regions. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      predicting and explaining how physical features help to shape patterns and arrangements in the physical environment. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      identifying key demographic concepts and using these concepts to analyze the population characteristics of a country or region. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      describing the characteristics and patterns of human settlement in different regions of the world and analyzing the impact of urbanization. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      analyzing types, patterns, and effects of human migration over time. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      tracing local and worldwide patterns of cultural diffusion and analyzing their causes and effects. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      comparing historical and contemporary patterns of economic interdependence. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      explaining how cooperation and conflict among people contribute to the political divisions on Earth's surface. (1, 2, 4)

    • G-1D-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      analyzing and evaluating the effects of human actions upon the physical environment. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • G-1D-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      explaining and giving examples of how characteristics of different physical environments affect human activities. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • G-1D-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      analyzing the worldwide distribution and utilization of natural resources. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • G-1D-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      identifying problems that relate to contemporary geographic issues and researching possible solutions. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • GLE-M-1. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Use time zones in the United States or the International Date Line to interpret a map or representation of a globe and calculate current times in different places (G-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-2. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Locate major landforms and geographic features, places, and bodies of water/waterways on a map of Louisiana (G-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-3. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Construct a map based on given narrative information (G-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-4. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Construct a chart or diagram to display geographical information in an organized way (G-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-5. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Describe and analyze the distinguishing physical and/or human characteristics of Louisiana regions (G-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-6. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Describe ways in which location and physical features have influenced historical events in Louisiana and the development of the state (e.g., Mississippi River/swamp in the Battle of New Orleans) (G-1B-M2)

    • GLE-M-7. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Explain how or why specific regions are changing as a result of physical phenomena (e.g., changes in the coastal wetlands) (G-1B-M3)

    • GLE-M-8. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Identify and describe factors that cause a Louisiana region to change (e.g., natural occurrences, disasters, migration) (G-1B-M3)

    • GLE-M-9. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Explain ways in which goals, cultures, interests, inventions, and technological advances have affected perceptions and uses of places or regions in Louisiana (G-1B-M4)

    • GLE-M-10. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Analyze the population characteristics and other demographic information about the United States and Louisiana, including rates of increase/decrease for demographic variables (G-1C-M2)

    • GLE-M-11. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Explain why humans settled and formed societies in specific regions or why immigrant groups (e.g., Acadians) settled in specific areas of Louisiana (G-1C-M3)

    • GLE-M-12. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Describe the causes and effects of cultural diffusion and the effects of cultural diversity in Louisiana (G-1C-M5)

    • GLE-M-13. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Describe factors that contribute to economic interdependence at the local, national, and global level, as related to Louisiana's past and present (G-1C-M6)

    • GLE-M-14. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Environment and Society: Analyze, evaluate, and predict consequences of environmental modifications on Louisiana landforms, natural resources, and plant or animal life (G-1D-M1)

    • GLE-M-15. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Environment and Society: Analyze the benefits and challenges of the Louisiana physical environments on its inhabitants (e.g., flooding, soil, climate conducive to growing certain plants) (G-1D-M2)

    • GLE-M-16. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Environment and Society: Analyze the distribution and uses of Louisiana's natural resources (G-1D-M3)

    • GLE-M-17. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Environment and Society: Identify a contemporary Louisiana geographic issue, and research possible solutions (G-1D-M4)

  • LA.C-M. Content Standard: Civics

    Citizenship and Government: Students develop an understanding of the structure and purposes of government, the foundations of the American democratic system, and the role of the United States in the world, while learning about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

    • C-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining major ideas about why governments are necessary and evaluating competing positions on the purposes government should serve. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      describing the essential characteristics of various systems of government. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining how the powers of the government are distributed, shared, and limited by the United States and Louisiana constitutions. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the purposes of state constitutions and describing the relationship of state constitutions to the federal constitution. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      describing the organization and major responsibilities of local, state, and national governments. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      identifying government leaders and representatives at the local, state, and national levels and explaining their powers and the limits on their powers. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the importance of law in the American constitutional system and applying criteria to evaluate rules and laws. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M8. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining how public policy is formed, debated, and carried out at local, state, and national levels. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M9. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the necessity of taxes and describing the purposes for which tax revenues are used. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M10. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      identifying and evaluating different types of taxes. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      explaining the essential ideas and historical origins of American constitutional government. (1, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      identifying and describing the historical experiences and the geographic, social, and economic factors that have helped to shape American political culture. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      explaining the meaning and importance of basic principles of American constitutional democracy as reflected in core documents. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      analyzing the ways in which political and social conflict can be peacefully resolved. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      analyzing democratic processes used to institute change. (1, 2, 5)

    • C-1B-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      analyzing the importance of political parties, campaigns, and elections in the American political system. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: International Relationships

      describing how the world is organized politically and explaining the means by which nation-states interact. (1, 3, 4)

    • C-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: International Relationships

      explaining the formation, implementation, and impact of United States foreign policy. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1C-M3. Benchmark / Gle: International Relationships

      identifying types of foreign policy issues, using current and historical examples. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      explaining the meaning of citizenship and the requirements for citizenship and naturalization in the United States. (1, 5)

    • C-1D-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizens and explaining their importance to the individual and to society. (1, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      discussing issues involving the rights and responsibilities of individuals in American society. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      describing the many ways by which citizens can organize, monitor, and help to shape politics and government at local, state, and national levels. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      communicating the importance of knowledge to competent and responsible political participation and leadership. (1, 4, 5)

    • GLE-M-18. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify the powers of state government as defined in the Louisiana Constitution and compare/contrast those powers to the powers of the federal government (C-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-19. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Explain the purposes of state constitutions and describe the relationship of the Louisiana Constitution to the U.S. Constitution (C-1A-M4)

    • GLE-M-20. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify the structure and powers of the three branches of the state government, the limits of those powers, and key positions within each branch (C-1A-M5)

    • GLE-M-21. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Describe the various forms of local government in Louisiana (C-1A-M5)

    • GLE-M-22. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Describe the powers/responsibilities and limits of power for government officials at the local and state levels in Louisiana (C-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-23. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify qualifications and terms of office for key leaders/representatives at the state and local levels (C-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-24. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify current government leaders at the state, local, and national levels in the United States (C-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-25. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Explain how a bill becomes law at the state level (C-1A-M7)

    • GLE-M-26. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: List and apply criteria for evaluating rules and laws (C-1A-M7)

    • GLE-M-27. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Describe ways by which public policies are formed, including the role of lobbyists, special interest groups, and constituents (C-1A-M8)

    • GLE-M-28. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Explain why taxes are needed and purposes for which tax monies/revenues are used (C-1A-M9)

    • GLE-M-29. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify types of taxes collected by the local, state, and federal government (C-1A-M10)

    • GLE-M-30. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Evaluate a type of tax in a historical context (e.g., severance tax) (C-1A-M10)

    • GLE-M-31. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain how the Louisiana Constitution reflects the principles of government set forth in the U.S. Constitution (e.g., checks and balance, separation of powers) (C-1B-M3)

    • GLE-M-32. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Describe various peaceful ways of resolving political or social conflicts, including majority vote vs. consensus (C-1B-M4)

    • GLE-M-33. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Analyze how the democratic process has been used to institute change in Louisiana (C-1B-M5)

    • GLE-M-34. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain how the U.S. census is used in the political process and how it affects Louisiana representation in Congress (C-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-35. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Describe the role of the Electoral College and how Louisiana participates in that system (C-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-36. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain how political parties, campaigns, and elections provide opportunities for citizens to participate in government (C-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-37. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      International Relationships: Explain the role of nation-states in various alliances and international organizations (e.g., NATO, the United Nations, OPEC) and identify effects of their decisions upon Louisiana (C-1C-M1)

    • GLE-M-38. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      International Relationships: Explain how U.S. foreign policy has affected Louisiana (e.g., tariffs, NAFTA) (C-1C-M2)

    • GLE-M-39. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Identify individual rights guaranteed in the Louisiana Constitution (C-1D-M2)

    • GLE-M-40. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Describe ways by which citizens can organize, monitor, or influence government and politics at the local, state, and national levels (C-1D-M4)

    • GLE-M-41. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Explain the importance of being an informed citizen on public issues, recognizing propaganda, and knowing the voting issues (C-1D-M5)

    • E-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing how the scarcity of resources necessitates decision making at both personal and societal levels. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • E-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      analyzing consequences of economic decisions in terms of additional benefits and additional costs. (1, 2, 4)

    • E-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      analyzing the consequences and opportunity cost of economic decisions. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • E-1A-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      analyzing the role of specialization in the economic process. (1, 2, 4)

    • E-1A-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      giving examples of how skills and knowledge increase productivity and career opportunities. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1A-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing the essential differences in the production and allocation of goods and services in traditional, command, and market systems. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1A-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing the various institutions, such as business firms and government agencies, that make up economic systems. (1, 4)

    • E-1A-M8. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      differentiating among various forms of exchange and money. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1A-M9. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      using economic concepts to help explain historic and contemporary events and developments. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • E-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining the role of supply and demand in a competitive market system. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining the factors that affect the production and distribution of goods and services. (1, 4)

    • E-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining the difference between private and public goods and services. (1, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      identifying the costs and benefits of government policies on competitive markets. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      identifying different types of taxes and user fees and predicting their consequences. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      determining the reasons for trade between nations, identifying costs and benefits, and recognizing the worldwide interdependence that results. (1, 4)

    • E-1B-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      describing historical and economic factors that have contributed to the development and growth of the national, state, and local economies. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: The Economy as a Whole

      explaining the meaning of economic indicators that help to describe economies. (1, 3)

    • E-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: The Economy as a Whole

      describing the influences of inflation, unemployment, and underemployment on different groups of people. (1, 4, 5)

    • GLE-M-42. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Analyze situations involving scarcity (limited resources) at the individual, group, and societal levels to determine the need for choices or what is gained/lost by a decision (E-1A-M1)

    • GLE-M-43. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Explain how effective economic decisions (e.g., determining the best level of consumption) require comparing the additional costs of alternatives with additional benefits (E-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-44. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Explain choice/trade-offs, cost/benefits, and opportunity costs related to making personal economic decisions (E-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-45. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Analyze the role of specialization in Louisiana's economy (E-1A-M4)

    • GLE-M-46. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Use a variety of resources to research education and training for jobs and careers (E-1A-M5)

    • GLE-M-47. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Cite examples of how skills/knowledge and technical training increase personal productivity and career opportunities, and which skills/knowledge would enhance particular career prospects (E-1A-M5)

    • GLE-M-48. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Characterize and analyze the use of productive resources in an economic system (E-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-49. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Describe how the four basic economic questions are answered in traditional vs. command vs. market economies (E-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-50. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Describe institutions (e.g., banks, government agencies, large companies, small businesses) that make up economic systems (E-1A-M7)

    • GLE-M-51. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Use economic concepts (e.g., scarcity, opportunity cost) to explain historic and contemporary events and developments in Louisiana (E-1A-M9)

    • GLE-M-52. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Explain how supply and demand affect prices (E-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-53. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Explain and analyze factors affecting production and allocation of goods/services in Louisiana and the United States (E-1B-M2)

    • GLE-M-54. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Explain the difference between private goods/services and public goods/services and give examples of each (E-1B-M3)

    • GLE-M-55. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Identify the costs and benefits of a given government policy (e.g., trade agreements, minimum wage) on a competitive market (E-1B-M4)

    • GLE-M-56. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Identify various types of taxes and user fees and predict their consequences (E-1B-M5)

    • GLE-M-57. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Explain reasons for trade between nations and the impact of international trade (E-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-58. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Describe historical and economic factors influencing the economic growth, interdependence, and development of Louisiana and the nation (e.g., mass production, oil boom and decline) (E-1B-M7)

    • GLE-M-59. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The Economy as a Whole: Explain the meaning of various economic indicators that help describe the state of an economy (e.g., GDP, CPI, stock market indices, rate of unemployment or inflation) (E-1C-M1)

    • GLE-M-60. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The Economy as a Whole: Define inflation and unemployment in terms of an economic system as a whole (E-1C-M2)

    • GLE-M-61. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The Economy as a Whole: Describe the influence/impact of inflation or unemployment on different groups of people (e.g., consumers, business owners) (E-1C-M2)

  • LA.H-M. Content Standard: History

    Time, Continuity, and Change: Students develop a sense of historical time and historical perspective as they study the history of their community, state, nation, and world.

    • H-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      describing chronological relationships and patterns. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      demonstrating historical perspective through the political, social, and economic context in which an event or idea occurred. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      analyzing the impact that specific individuals, ideas, events, and decisions had on the course of history. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      analyzing historical data using primary and secondary sources. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      identifying issues and problems from the past and evaluating alternative courses of action. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      conducting research in efforts to answer historical questions. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 1: Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620): identifying and describing characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 1: Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620): explaining the cultural, ecological, and economic results of early European exploration and colonization. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 2: Colonization and Settlement (1565-1763): describing the interactions among Native Americans, early Europeans, and Africans in the Americas. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 2: Colonization and Settlement (1565-1763): tracing the emergence of religious freedom and changing political institutions in the English colonies. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M5. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 2: Colonization and Settlement (1565-1763): analyzing the impact of European cultural, political, and economic ideas and institutions on life in the Americas. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M6. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s): explaining the causes and course of the American Revolution and the reasons for the American victory. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M7. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s): explaining the impact of the American Revolution on the politics, society, and economy of the new nation. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M8. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s): relating the institutions and practices of government established during and after the American Revolution to the foundation of the American political system. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M9. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861): describing the territorial expansion of the United States and analyzing the effects on relations with Native Americans and external powers. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1B-M10. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861): analyzing the changes and regional tensions created by Jacksonian democracy, the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M11. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861): explaining and giving examples of the reform movements that occurred during the antebellum period and evaluating their impact on American society. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1B-M12. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877): describing the causes and course of the Civil War and examining the impact of the war on the American people. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M13. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877): comparing and evaluating various reconstruction plans of the post-Civil War era. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M14. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 6: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900): describing the impact of industrialization in the United States. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M15. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 7: The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930): describing the significant economic, political, social, and cultural changes that have occurred in the United States during the 20th century. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M16. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 7: The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930): identifying the causes and consequences of major world conflicts involving the United States. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M17. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 8: The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945): describing the impact of the Great Depression and World War II on American society. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M18. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 9: Contemporary United States (1945 to the Present): discussing significant developments and issues in contemporary United States history. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 1: The Beginnings of Society: describing the earliest human communities. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 1: The Beginnings of Society: explaining the emergence of agricultural societies around the world. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M3. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 2: The Rise of Early Civilizations (4000-1000 B.C.): identifying the major characteristics of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus valley. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M4. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 2: The Rise of Early Civilizations (4000-1000 B.C.): tracing the development and expansion of agricultural societies and the emergence of new states. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M5. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 2: The Rise of Early Civilizations (4000-1000 B.C.): analyzing the political, social, and cultural consequences of population movements and militarization in Europe and Asia. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M6. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 3: Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 B.C. - A.D. 300): discussing and giving examples of technological and cultural innovation and change. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M7. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 3: Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 B.C. - A.D. 300): describing the classical civilizations and examining their interactions and influences. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M8. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 3: Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 B.C. - A.D. 300): describing and comparing the emergence of major religions and large-scale empires in the Mediterranean basin, China, and India. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M9. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 4: Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (A.D. 300-1000): tracing the expansion of major religions and cultural traditions and examining the impact on civilizations in Europe, Asia, and Africa. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M10. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 4: Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (A.D. 300-1000): analyzing the political, social, and cultural developments and changes that resulted from the rise and fall of empires and kingdoms in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M11. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions (A.D. 1000-1500): analyzing the cultural and economic impact of the interregional system of communication and trade that developed among the peoples of Europe, Asia, and Africa. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M12. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions (A.D. 1000-1500): explaining the developments and events that led to the political, social, cultural, and economic transformation of Europe. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M13. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions (A.D. 1000-1500): describing the development and expansion of complex societies and empires in the Americas. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M14. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 6: Emergence of the First Global Age (1450-1770): explaining the political, cultural, and economic developments and trends of major world regions that resulted in the transformation of societies in the 15th through the mid-18th centuries. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M15. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 7: An Age of Revolutions (1750-1914): determining and discussing the impact of the political, agricultural, and industrial revolutions on societies around the world. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M16. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 7: An Age of Revolutions (1750-1914): describing the transformation of world societies that occurred during an era of global trade and Western domination. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M17. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 8: A Half-Century of Crisis and Achievement (1900-1945): identifying the causes and worldwide consequences of major 20th century conflicts. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M18. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 9: The 20th Century Since 1945 (1945 to the Present): identifying and discussing significant political, economic, social, cultural, and technological trends that have had an impact on the modern world. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1D-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      describing the contributions of people, events, movements, and ideas that have been significant in the history of Louisiana. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      tracing the development of the various governments that have been established in Louisiana throughout its history. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1D-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      identifying and discussing the major conflicts in Louisiana's past. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      locating and describing Louisiana's geographic features and examining their impact on people past and present. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      tracing the development and growth of Louisiana's economy throughout history. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      examining folklore and describing how cultural elements have shaped our state and local heritage. (1, 3, 4)

    • GLE-M-62. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Construct a timeline of key events in Louisiana history (H-1A-M1)

    • GLE-M-63. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Interpret data presented in a timeline correlating Louisiana, U.S., and world history (H-1A-M1)

    • GLE-M-64. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Compare and contrast events and ideas from Louisiana's past and present, explaining political, social, or economic contexts (H-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-65. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Analyze the causes, effects, or impact of a given historical event in Louisiana (H-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-66. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Analyze how a given historical figure influenced or changed the course of Louisiana's history (H-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-67. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Analyze given source material to identify opinion, propaganda, or bias (H-1A-M4)

    • GLE-M-68. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Interpret a political cartoon (H-1A-M4)

    • GLE-M-69. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Propose and defend potential solutions to past and current issues in Louisiana (H-1A-M5)

    • GLE-M-70. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Conduct historical research using a variety of resources, and evaluate those resources, to answer historical questions related to Louisiana history (H-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-71. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Describe major early explorers and explorations significant to Louisiana or early settlers in Louisiana (H-1D-M1)

    • GLE-M-72. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Describe leaders who were influential in Louisiana's development (H-1D-M1)

    • GLE-M-73. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Describe and explain the importance of major events and ideas in the development of Louisiana (H-1D-M1)

    • GLE-M-74. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Describe the causes and effects of various migrations into Louisiana (H-1D-M1)

    • GLE-M-75. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Describe the contributions of ethnic groups significant in Louisiana history (H-1D-M1)

    • GLE-M-76. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Trace and describe various governments in Louisiana's history (H-1D-M2)

    • GLE-M-77. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Describe major conflicts in context of Louisiana history (e.g., Rebellion of 1768, the French and Indian War) (H-1D-M3)

    • GLE-M-78. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Describe and analyze the impact of Louisiana's geographic features on historic events, settlement patterns, economic development, etc. (H-1D-M4)

    • GLE-M-79. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Explain how Louisiana's natural resources have shaped its history (e.g., petroleum) (H-1D-M4)

    • GLE-M-80. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Trace the state's economic development and growth toward economic diversity (e.g., fur trade, tourism, technology) (H-1D-M5)

    • GLE-M-81. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana History: Explain cultural elements that have shaped Louisiana's heritage (e.g., festivals, music, dance, food, languages) (H-1D-M6)

 
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