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Louisiana: 7th-Grade Standards

  • LA.G-M. Content Standard: Geography

    Physical and Cultural Systems: Students develop a spatial understanding of Earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between people and places, and the relationship between man and his environment.

    • G-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      identifying and describing the characteristics, functions, and applications of various types of maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      interpreting and developing maps, globes, graphs, charts, models, and databases to analyze spatial distributions and patterns. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      organizing and displaying information about the location of geographic features and places by using mental mapping skills. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      explaining and analyzing both the physical and human phenomena associated with specific places, including precipitation and settlement patterns. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      identifying and describing significant physical features that have influenced historical events. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      identifying criteria used to define regions and explaining how and why regions change. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Regions

      describing and explaining how personal interests, culture, and technology affect people's perceptions and uses of places and regions. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      predicting and explaining how physical features help to shape patterns and arrangements in the physical environment. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      identifying key demographic concepts and using these concepts to analyze the population characteristics of a country or region. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      describing the characteristics and patterns of human settlement in different regions of the world and analyzing the impact of urbanization. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      analyzing types, patterns, and effects of human migration over time. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      tracing local and worldwide patterns of cultural diffusion and analyzing their causes and effects. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      comparing historical and contemporary patterns of economic interdependence. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      explaining how cooperation and conflict among people contribute to the political divisions on Earth's surface. (1, 2, 4)

    • G-1D-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      analyzing and evaluating the effects of human actions upon the physical environment. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • G-1D-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      explaining and giving examples of how characteristics of different physical environments affect human activities. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • G-1D-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      analyzing the worldwide distribution and utilization of natural resources. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • G-1D-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      identifying problems that relate to contemporary geographic issues and researching possible solutions. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • GLE-M-1. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Analyze various types of maps, charts, graphs, and diagrams related to U.S. history (G-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-2. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Explain how physical features and climate affected migration, settlement patterns, and land use in the United States through 1877 (G-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-3. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Identify and describe significant physical features that have influenced U.S. historical events (e.g., Ohio River Valley in the American Revolution) (G-1B-M2)

    • GLE-M-4. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Explain ways in which goals, cultures, interests, inventions, and technological advances have affected perceptions and uses of places or regions in the United States (G-1B-M4)

    • GLE-M-5. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Explain patterns of rural/urban migration and the positive and negative consequences of urban development in the United States (G-1C-M3)

    • GLE-M-6. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Identify selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups that settled in the United States and explain the political, cultural, and economic reasons for immigration (G-1C-M4)

    • GLE-M-7. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Compare the interdependence of Great Britain and the American colonies to the global economy today (G-1C-M6)

    • GLE-M-8. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Explain how cooperation and conflict affected the changing political boundaries of the United States to 1877 (e.g., Missouri Compromise) (G-1C-M7)

    • GLE-M-9. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Environment and Society: Explain how the different physical environments in the American North and South led to different economic activities (G-1D-M2)

  • LA.C-M. Content Standard: Civics

    Citizenship and Government: Students develop an understanding of the structure and purposes of government, the foundations of the American democratic system, and the role of the United States in the world, while learning about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

    • C-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining major ideas about why governments are necessary and evaluating competing positions on the purposes government should serve. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      describing the essential characteristics of various systems of government. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining how the powers of the government are distributed, shared, and limited by the United States and Louisiana constitutions. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the purposes of state constitutions and describing the relationship of state constitutions to the federal constitution. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      describing the organization and major responsibilities of local, state, and national governments. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      identifying government leaders and representatives at the local, state, and national levels and explaining their powers and the limits on their powers. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the importance of law in the American constitutional system and applying criteria to evaluate rules and laws. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M8. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining how public policy is formed, debated, and carried out at local, state, and national levels. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M9. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the necessity of taxes and describing the purposes for which tax revenues are used. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-M10. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      identifying and evaluating different types of taxes. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      explaining the essential ideas and historical origins of American constitutional government. (1, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      identifying and describing the historical experiences and the geographic, social, and economic factors that have helped to shape American political culture. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      explaining the meaning and importance of basic principles of American constitutional democracy as reflected in core documents. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      analyzing the ways in which political and social conflict can be peacefully resolved. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      analyzing democratic processes used to institute change. (1, 2, 5)

    • C-1B-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      analyzing the importance of political parties, campaigns, and elections in the American political system. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: International Relationships

      describing how the world is organized politically and explaining the means by which nation-states interact. (1, 3, 4)

    • C-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: International Relationships

      explaining the formation, implementation, and impact of United States foreign policy. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1C-M3. Benchmark / Gle: International Relationships

      identifying types of foreign policy issues, using current and historical examples. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      explaining the meaning of citizenship and the requirements for citizenship and naturalization in the United States. (1, 5)

    • C-1D-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizens and explaining their importance to the individual and to society. (1, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      discussing issues involving the rights and responsibilities of individuals in American society. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      describing the many ways by which citizens can organize, monitor, and help to shape politics and government at local, state, and national levels. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      communicating the importance of knowledge to competent and responsible political participation and leadership. (1, 4, 5)

    • GLE-M-10. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Explain and evaluate the major purposes of government (C-1A-M1)

    • GLE-M-11. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Explain the meaning of the term federalism (C-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-12. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Distinguish between various forms of government (e.g., monarchy, totalitarian) and describe their characteristics and organization (C-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-13. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Explain how separation of powers limits government and describe the U.S. government system of checks and balances (C-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-14. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Identify the powers of the U.S. federal government and the powers it shares with state governments according to the U.S. Constitution (C-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-15. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Identify the structure and powers of the three branches of the federal government, the limits of those powers, and key positions within each branch (C-1A-M5)

    • GLE-M-16. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Identify qualifications and terms of office for elected officials at the national level (C-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-17. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Identify current government leaders at the national level (C-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-18. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Describe the powers/responsibilities and limits of power for government officials at the national level (C-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-19. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Explain how a bill becomes law at the federal level (C-1A-M7)

    • GLE-M-20. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Examine a given law or court ruling and evaluate it based on given criteria (e.g., Dred Scott decision) (C-1A-M7)

    • GLE-M-21. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purposes of Government: Evaluate a type of tax in an historical context (e.g., Stamp Act, Tea Tax) (C-1A-M10)

    • GLE-M-22. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Identify problems the United States faced after the American Revolution that led to the writing of the U.S. Constitution (C-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-23. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation with the U.S. Constitution (C-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-24. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Identify the roles of the Continental Congress and the Great Compromise in forming the American constitutional government and the federal union (C-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-25. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Identify the arguments of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists (C-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-26. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain how historical English documents, such as the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights, influenced American democracy (C-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-27. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain how ancient governments influenced American democracy and culture (C-1B-M1)

    • GLE-M-28. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Describe historical experiences and factors that defined, influenced, and helped shape American political culture (C-1B-M2)

    • GLE-M-29. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Define and explain the ideas expressed in the Mayflower Compact and the Declaration of Independence (C-1B-M3)

    • GLE-M-30. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain the principles of government embodied in the U.S. Constitution (C-1B-M3)

    • GLE-M-31. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Analyze methods used to institute change or resolve social conflict in U.S. history (e.g., War of 1812, states' rights theory) (C-1B-M4)

    • GLE-M-32. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain how changes are made in a democratic society (C-1B-M5)

    • GLE-M-33. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Describe the role of political parties in the American political system (C-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-34. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      International Relationships: Describe political divisions of the world (nation-states) (C-1C-M1)

    • GLE-M-35. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      International Relationships: Explain various processes/strategies nations use to interact (C-1C-M1)

    • GLE-M-36. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      International Relationships: Explain how U.S. foreign policy is formed and carried out (C-1C-M2)

    • GLE-M-37. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      International Relationships: Identify types of foreign policy issues with reference to current and historical examples (e.g., Middle East conflicts) (C-1C-M3)

    • GLE-M-38. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Identify the qualifications or requirements for U.S. citizenship, including naturalization (C-1D-M1)

    • GLE-M-39. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Explain the importance of various rights and responsibilities of citizenship to the individual or to society at large (e.g., Bill of Rights) (C-1D-M2)

    • GLE-M-40. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Explain issues involving rights and responsibilities of individuals in American society (e.g., rights of individuals with disabilities, responsibility to pay taxes) (C-1D-M3)

  • LA.E-M. Content Standard: Economics

    Interdependence and Decision Making: Students develop an understanding of fundamental economic concepts as they apply to the interdependence and decision making of individuals, households, businesses, and governments in the United States and the world.

    • E-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing how the scarcity of resources necessitates decision making at both personal and societal levels. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • E-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      analyzing consequences of economic decisions in terms of additional benefits and additional costs. (1, 2, 4)

    • E-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      analyzing the consequences and opportunity cost of economic decisions. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • E-1A-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      analyzing the role of specialization in the economic process. (1, 2, 4)

    • E-1A-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      giving examples of how skills and knowledge increase productivity and career opportunities. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1A-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing the essential differences in the production and allocation of goods and services in traditional, command, and market systems. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1A-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing the various institutions, such as business firms and government agencies, that make up economic systems. (1, 4)

    • E-1A-M8. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      differentiating among various forms of exchange and money. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1A-M9. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      using economic concepts to help explain historic and contemporary events and developments. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • E-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining the role of supply and demand in a competitive market system. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining the factors that affect the production and distribution of goods and services. (1, 4)

    • E-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining the difference between private and public goods and services. (1, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      identifying the costs and benefits of government policies on competitive markets. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      identifying different types of taxes and user fees and predicting their consequences. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      determining the reasons for trade between nations, identifying costs and benefits, and recognizing the worldwide interdependence that results. (1, 4)

    • E-1B-M7. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      describing historical and economic factors that have contributed to the development and growth of the national, state, and local economies. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: The Economy as a Whole

      explaining the meaning of economic indicators that help to describe economies. (1, 3)

    • E-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: The Economy as a Whole

      describing the influences of inflation, unemployment, and underemployment on different groups of people. (1, 4, 5)

    • GLE-M-41. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Use economic concepts (e.g., supply and demand, interdependence) to explain Mercantilism and describe its role in British colonization and the conflict between the thirteen American colonies and Great Britain (E-1A-M9)

    • GLE-M-42. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Identify U.S. exports and imports that contributed to the U.S economic interdependence with Europe and other parts of the world during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (E-1B-M6)

  • LA.H-M. Content Standard: History

    Time, Continuity, and Change: Students develop a sense of historical time and historical perspective as they study the history of their community, state, nation, and world.

    • H-1A-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      describing chronological relationships and patterns. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      demonstrating historical perspective through the political, social, and economic context in which an event or idea occurred. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      analyzing the impact that specific individuals, ideas, events, and decisions had on the course of history. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      analyzing historical data using primary and secondary sources. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      identifying issues and problems from the past and evaluating alternative courses of action. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      conducting research in efforts to answer historical questions. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M1. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 1: Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620): identifying and describing characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M2. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 1: Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620): explaining the cultural, ecological, and economic results of early European exploration and colonization. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M3. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 2: Colonization and Settlement (1565-1763): describing the interactions among Native Americans, early Europeans, and Africans in the Americas. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M4. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 2: Colonization and Settlement (1565-1763): tracing the emergence of religious freedom and changing political institutions in the English colonies. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M5. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 2: Colonization and Settlement (1565-1763): analyzing the impact of European cultural, political, and economic ideas and institutions on life in the Americas. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M6. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s): explaining the causes and course of the American Revolution and the reasons for the American victory. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M7. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s): explaining the impact of the American Revolution on the politics, society, and economy of the new nation. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M8. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s): relating the institutions and practices of government established during and after the American Revolution to the foundation of the American political system. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M9. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861): describing the territorial expansion of the United States and analyzing the effects on relations with Native Americans and external powers. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1B-M10. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861): analyzing the changes and regional tensions created by Jacksonian democracy, the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M11. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861): explaining and giving examples of the reform movements that occurred during the antebellum period and evaluating their impact on American society. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1B-M12. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877): describing the causes and course of the Civil War and examining the impact of the war on the American people. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M13. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877): comparing and evaluating various reconstruction plans of the post-Civil War era. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M14. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 6: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900): describing the impact of industrialization in the United States. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M15. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 7: The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930): describing the significant economic, political, social, and cultural changes that have occurred in the United States during the 20th century. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M16. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 7: The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930): identifying the causes and consequences of major world conflicts involving the United States. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M17. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 8: The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945): describing the impact of the Great Depression and World War II on American society. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-M18. Benchmark / Gle: United States History

      Era 9: Contemporary United States (1945 to the Present): discussing significant developments and issues in contemporary United States history. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1C-M1. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 1: The Beginnings of Society: describing the earliest human communities. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M2. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 1: The Beginnings of Society: explaining the emergence of agricultural societies around the world. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M3. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 2: The Rise of Early Civilizations (4000-1000 B.C.): identifying the major characteristics of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus valley. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M4. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 2: The Rise of Early Civilizations (4000-1000 B.C.): tracing the development and expansion of agricultural societies and the emergence of new states. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M5. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 2: The Rise of Early Civilizations (4000-1000 B.C.): analyzing the political, social, and cultural consequences of population movements and militarization in Europe and Asia. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M6. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 3: Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 B.C. - A.D. 300): discussing and giving examples of technological and cultural innovation and change. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M7. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 3: Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 B.C. - A.D. 300): describing the classical civilizations and examining their interactions and influences. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M8. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 3: Classical Traditions, Major Religions, and Giant Empires (1000 B.C. - A.D. 300): describing and comparing the emergence of major religions and large-scale empires in the Mediterranean basin, China, and India. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M9. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 4: Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (A.D. 300-1000): tracing the expansion of major religions and cultural traditions and examining the impact on civilizations in Europe, Asia, and Africa. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M10. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 4: Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter (A.D. 300-1000): analyzing the political, social, and cultural developments and changes that resulted from the rise and fall of empires and kingdoms in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M11. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions (A.D. 1000-1500): analyzing the cultural and economic impact of the interregional system of communication and trade that developed among the peoples of Europe, Asia, and Africa. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M12. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions (A.D. 1000-1500): explaining the developments and events that led to the political, social, cultural, and economic transformation of Europe. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M13. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 5: Intensified Hemispheric Interactions (A.D. 1000-1500): describing the development and expansion of complex societies and empires in the Americas. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M14. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 6: Emergence of the First Global Age (1450-1770): explaining the political, cultural, and economic developments and trends of major world regions that resulted in the transformation of societies in the 15th through the mid-18th centuries. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M15. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 7: An Age of Revolutions (1750-1914): determining and discussing the impact of the political, agricultural, and industrial revolutions on societies around the world. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M16. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 7: An Age of Revolutions (1750-1914): describing the transformation of world societies that occurred during an era of global trade and Western domination. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M17. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 8: A Half-Century of Crisis and Achievement (1900-1945): identifying the causes and worldwide consequences of major 20th century conflicts. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-M18. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      Era 9: The 20th Century Since 1945 (1945 to the Present): identifying and discussing significant political, economic, social, cultural, and technological trends that have had an impact on the modern world. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1D-M1. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      describing the contributions of people, events, movements, and ideas that have been significant in the history of Louisiana. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M2. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      tracing the development of the various governments that have been established in Louisiana throughout its history. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1D-M3. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      identifying and discussing the major conflicts in Louisiana's past. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M4. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      locating and describing Louisiana's geographic features and examining their impact on people past and present. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M5. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      tracing the development and growth of Louisiana's economy throughout history. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-M6. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana History

      examining folklore and describing how cultural elements have shaped our state and local heritage. (1, 3, 4)

    • GLE-M-43. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Construct a timeline of key events and key figures in U.S. history from 1763 to 1877 (H-1A-M1)

    • GLE-M-44. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Interpret a timeline to identify cause-and-effect relationships among events in U.S. history (H-1A-M1)

    • GLE-M-45. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Explain the point of view of key historical figures and groups in U.S. history (H-1A-M2)

    • GLE-M-46. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Explain the causes, effects, or impact of a given historical event in U.S. history (H-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-47. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Explain how a given historical figure influenced or changed the course of U.S. history (H-1A-M3)

    • GLE-M-48. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Compare and contrast two primary sources related to the same event in U.S. history (H-1A-M4)

    • GLE-M-49. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Propose and defend an alternative course of action to a given issue or problem in U.S. history (H-1A-M5)

    • GLE-M-50. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Conduct historical research using a variety of resources, and evaluate those resources for reliability and bias, to answer historical questions related to U.S. history (H-1A-M6)

    • GLE-M-51. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the American Revolutionary War (H-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-52. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Compare and contrast the strategies and motivations of the Patriots, Loyalists, and British during the American Revolution (H-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-53. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the role of key figures in the American Revolution (H-1B-M6)

    • GLE-M-54. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain how the American Revolution affected the politics, society, and economy of the new nation (H-1B-M7)

    • GLE-M-55. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe the issues involved in the creation and ratification of the U.S. Constitution (H-1B-M8)

    • GLE-M-56. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the significance of the Bill of Rights and its specific guarantees (H-1B-M8)

    • GLE-M-57. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe major events and issues involving early presidencies (H-1B-M8)

    • GLE-M-58. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain Napoleon's reasons for selling the Louisiana territory to the United States and the impact of that acquisition (H-1B-M9)

    • GLE-M-59. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain President Madison's reason for declaring war in 1812, the sectional divisions over the war, and the consequences of the Native American alliance with the British (H-1B-M9)

    • GLE-M-60. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe provisions of the Monroe Doctrine and its influence on U.S. foreign relations (H-1B-M9)

    • GLE-M-61. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain westward movement of the United States, the changes it created, and its effects on relations with Native Americans (H-1B-M9)

    • GLE-M-62. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain Manifest Destiny and its economic, political, social, and religious roots (H-1B-M9)

    • GLE-M-63. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe diplomatic and political developments that led to the resolution of conflicts with Britain, Spain, and Russia from 1815 to 1850 (H-1B-M9)

    • GLE-M-64. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Identify the causes, course, and consequences of the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War (H-1B-M9)

    • GLE-M-65. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe Jacksonian Democracy, the influence of Jackson on the U.S. political system, and Jackson's Indian Removal Policy (H-1B-M10)

    • GLE-M-66. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Identify major technological developments related to land, water, and transportation and explain how they transformed the economy, created international markets, and affected the environment (H-1B-M10)

    • GLE-M-67. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Analyze national policies on a protective tariff, a national bank, federally funded improvements (e.g., roads, canals, railroads), and educational and prison reforms (H-1B-M10)

    • GLE-M-68. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Compare ways of life in northern and southern states and identify factors that caused rapid urbanization and the growth of slavery (H-1B-M10)

    • GLE-M-69. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Identify the causes and explain the effects of new waves of immigration prior to the Civil War (H-1B-M10)

    • GLE-M-70. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the importance of the Second Great Awakening, the ideas of its principal leaders, and how it affected public education, temperance, women's suffrage, and abolition (H-1B-M11)

    • GLE-M-71. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe fundamental beliefs of abolitionists and compare positions of those who favored gradual versus immediate emancipation (H-1B-M11)

    • GLE-M-72. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Identify the major antebellum reform movements, their leaders, and the movements' effects on the United States (H-1B-M11)

    • GLE-M-73. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe the economic, social, and cultural differences between the North and South, including the advantages and disadvantages each had at the outbreak of the Civil War (H-1B-M12)

    • GLE-M-74. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the impact of the compromises on the issue of slavery and the Dred Scott decision on increasing tensions between the North and South (H-1B-M12)

    • GLE-M-75. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the secession of the Southern states and the outbreak of the Civil War (H-1B-M12)

    • GLE-M-76. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe the course of the Civil War, including major turning points and the war's immediate and long-term impact on the North and the South (H-1B-M12)

    • GLE-M-77. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the purpose, significance, and results of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation (H-1B-M12)

    • GLE-M-78. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe provisions of the Thirteenth Amendment and Lincoln's reasons for advancing it, as well as the purpose and significance of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments (H-1B-M12)

    • GLE-M-79. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe, compare, and evaluate various reconstruction plans of the post-Civil War South (H-1B-M13)

    • GLE-M-80. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain the growing conflict between Andrew Johnson and Congress, and the reasons for and consequences of his impeachment and trial (H-1B-M13)

    • GLE-M-81. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Describe the successes and failures of Reconstruction, as well as its impact on the South (H-1B-M13)

    • GLE-M-82. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      United States History: Explain how the presidential election of 1876 led to the Compromise of 1877 and brought about an end to Reconstruction in the South (H-1B-M13)

 
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