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Louisiana: 2nd-Grade Standards

  • LA.G-E. Content Standard: Geography

    Physical and Cultural Systems: Students develop a spatial understanding of Earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between people and places, and the relationship between man and his environment.

    • G-1A-E1. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      identifying and describing the characteristics and uses of geographic representations, such as various types of maps, globes, graphs, diagrams, photographs, and satellite-produced images. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1A-E2. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      locating and interpreting geographic features and places on maps and globes. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1A-E3. Benchmark / Gle: The World in Spatial Terms

      constructing maps, graphs, charts, and diagrams to describe geographical information and to solve problems. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Religions

      describing and comparing the physical characteristics of places, including land forms, bodies of water, soils, vegetation, and climate. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Religions

      identifying and describing the human characteristics of places, including population distributions and culture. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Religions

      describing how the physical and human characteristics of places change over time. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1B-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Places and Religions

      defining and differentiating regions by using physical characteristics, such as climate and land forms, and by using human characteristics, such as economic activity and language. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      describing how physical processes help to shape features and patterns on Earth's surface; (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      describing and comparing the types of settlement and patterns of land use in local communities, the United States, and world regions. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      describing and explaining the characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      identifying and comparing the cultural characteristics of different regions and people. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-E5. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      locating and explaining the spatial distribution of economic activities. (1, 3, 4)

    • G-1C-E6. Benchmark / Gle: Physical and Human Systems

      identifying and describing types of territorial units, such as parishes or counties, states, and countries. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • G-1D-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      identifying and explaining ways in which people depend upon and modify the physical environment. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1D-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      describing how humans adapt to variations in the physical environment. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1D-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      describing the locations, causes, and effects of natural disasters on the environment and society. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • G-1D-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Environment and Society

      describing the use, distribution, and importance of natural resources. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

    • GLE-E-1. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Interpret a diagram (G-1A-E1)

    • GLE-E-2. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Describe basic characteristics of maps and globes (G-1A-E1)

    • GLE-E-3. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Use cardinal directions to locate places on maps and places in the classroom, school, and community (G-1A-E2)

    • GLE-E-4. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Identify geographical features in the local region (G-1A-E2)

    • GLE-E-5. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Construct a bar graph to represent given geographical information (G-1A-E3)

    • GLE-E-6. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      The World in Spatial Terms: Sketch a simple map related to the classroom, school, or community (mental map) (G-1A-E3)

    • GLE-E-7. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Describe how location, weather, and physical environment affect where and how people live (G-1B-E1)

    • GLE-E-8. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Identify examples of various landforms (e.g., continents, islands) (G-1B-E1)

    • GLE-E-9. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Identify the human characteristics of the local community (G-1B-E2)

    • GLE-E-10. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Places and Regions: Describe changes in the physical and human characteristics in the local community and why people modify the physical environment over time (G-1B-E3)

    • GLE-E-11. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Describe how climate affects the vegetation in the community (G-1C-E1)

    • GLE-E-12. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Identify the types of settlement and patterns of land use in the local community (G-1C-E2)

    • GLE-E-13. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Identify simple demographics of a local region (e.g., mostly factory workers) (G-1C-E3)

    • GLE-E-14. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Physical and Human Systems: Identify ways of making a living within the community (G-1C-E5)

    • GLE-E-15. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Environment and Society: Explain ways in which people in the local community depend on the physical environment to satisfy basic needs (G-1D-E1)

  • LA.C-E. Content Standard: Civics

    Citizenship and Government: Students develop an understanding of the structure and purposes of government, the foundations of the American democratic system, and the role of the United States in the world, while learning about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

    • C-1A-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      describing government in terms of the people and groups who make, apply, and enforce rules and laws in the home, school, community, and nation. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1A-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the necessity and basic purposes of government. (1, 5)

    • C-1A-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      comparing limited governments to unlimited governments. (1, 3)

    • C-1A-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      identifying and describing some of the major responsibilities of local, state, and national governments. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-E5. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      identifying key members of government at the local, state, and national levels and describing their powers and the limits on their powers. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1A-E6. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining how officials in government acquire the authority to exercise political power. (1, 5)

    • C-1A-E7. Benchmark / Gle: Structure and Purposes of Government

      explaining the purposes and importance of rules and laws. (1, 2, 3, 5)

    • C-1B-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      identifying basic principles of American constitutional democracy and explaining how the constitutions of the United States and Louisiana reflect these principles. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1B-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Foundations of the American Political System

      discussing the importance of citizens' sharing and supporting the principles of American constitutional democracy. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1C-E1. Benchmark / Gle: International Relationships

      explaining that the world is divided into different nations and describing the major ways that these nations interact. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      explaining the meaning of citizenship and the means by which individuals become citizens of the United States. (1, 3, 5)

    • C-1D-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      describing the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in a democratic society. (1, 5)

    • C-1D-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      identifying and discussing civic traits that are important to the preservation and improvement of American constitutional democracy. (1, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      describing the many ways that citizens can participate in and contribute to their communities and to American society. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • C-1D-E5. Benchmark / Gle: Roles of the Citizen

      discussing issues related to citizenship and public service. (1, 3, 5)

    • GLE-E-16. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify local community and parish laws, and the persons responsible for making and enforcing them (C-1A-E1)

    • GLE-E-17. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify the necessity of local government and how it helps meet the basic needs of society (C-1A-E2)

    • GLE-E-18. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Describe major responsibilities of local government (C-1A-E4)

    • GLE-E-19. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Identify key government positions at the local level, their powers, and limits on their powers (C-1A-E5)

    • GLE-E-20. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Explain how government officials at the local level are elected (C-1A-E6)

    • GLE-E-21. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Structure and Purpose of Government: Explain the need/purpose/importance of having rules in the school, community, and society (C-1A-E7)

    • GLE-E-22. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Foundations of the American Political System: Explain how citizens help leaders in a community solve problems (C-1B-E2)

    • GLE-E-23. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Define the meaning of the term community citizen (C-1D-E1)

    • GLE-E-24. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Identify examples of responsible citizenship in the school and community settings (C-1D-E2)

    • GLE-E-25. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Discuss the elements of fair play and good sportsmanship, respect for the rights and opinions of others, and respect for rules (C-1D-E3)

    • GLE-E-26. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Describe actions individuals or groups may take to improve their community (C-1D-E4)

    • GLE-E-27. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Explain the significance of national holidays and the achievements of the people associated with them (C-1D-E4)

    • GLE-E-28. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Roles of the Citizen: Identify a community issue and describe how good citizenship can help solve the problem (C-1D-E5)

  • LA.E-E. Content Standard: Economics

    Interdependence and Decision Making: Students develop an understanding of fundamental economic concepts as they apply to the interdependence and decision making of individuals, households, businesses, and governments in the United States and the world.

    • E-1A-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      recognizing that limited resources require people to make decisions. (1, 2, 4)

    • E-1A-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      identifying what is gained and lost when individuals or groups make decisions. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1A-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      demonstrating how economic wants affect decisions about using goods and services. (1, 2, 4)

    • E-1A-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      discussing and determining the process for making economic decisions;

    • E-1A-E5. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      explaining the relationships among producers and consumers. (1, 4)

    • E-1A-E6. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing how natural resources, human resources, and capital (human-made) resources have been used and are combined in the production of goods and services. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1A-E7. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      describing how specialization affects productivity and contributes to the need for interdependence among producers and consumers. (1, 4)

    • E-1A-E8. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      determining how the development of skills and knowledge relates to career opportunity and economic well-being. (1, 4, 5)

    • E-1A-E9. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      identifying different methods for the distribution of goods and services, including the concept of markets. (1, 4, 5)

    • E-1A-E10. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      identifying some of the economic institutions, such as households and banks, that make up the economy. (1, 4)

    • E-1A-E11. Benchmark / Gle: Fundamental Economic Concepts

      explaining and demonstrating why people participate in voluntary exchanges and how money helps in the process. (1, 2, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      describing how prices are determined by the interactions of buyers and sellers. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1B-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining how the changes in prices affect incentives to produce, consume, and save. (1, 3, 4)

    • E-1B-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      identifying and explaining economic concepts, such as profit as an incentive for people to take economic risk. (1, 2, 4)

    • E-1B-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      explaining why some goods and services are provided by the government through taxing, charging user fees, and borrowing. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • E-1B-E5. Benchmark / Gle: Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments

      identifying the major goods and services produced in the local community and state. (1, 3, 5)

    • GLE-E-29. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Explain how basic human needs of food, clothing, and shelter can be met (E-1A-E1)

    • GLE-E-30. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Identify examples of scarcity in the local community (E-1A-E1)

    • GLE-E-31. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Identify what is gained and what is lost (given up) in choosing one of several alternatives (e.g., skating with friends versus bowling with parents) (E-1A-E2)

    • GLE-E-32. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Identify examples of choices families make when buying goods and services (E-1A-E4)

    • GLE-E-33. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Identify a consumer and a producer and their roles in the economy (E-1A-E5)

    • GLE-E-34. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Explain how people in the local community depend on each other for goods and services (E-1A-E5)

    • GLE-E-35. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Identify various ways in which resources are used (e.g., use of trees to produce wood for building, wood products, heat) (E-1A-E6)

    • GLE-E-36. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Describe the roles of farmers, processors, and distributors in food production and consumption (E-1A-E6)

    • GLE-E-37. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Describe the role of weather, land, and water resources in food production over time (E-1A-E6)

    • GLE-E-38. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Identify the specialized work that people do to manufacture, transport, and market goods and services (E-1A-E7)

    • GLE-E-39. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Describe the importance of skills and education in choosing a career (E-1A-E8)

    • GLE-E-40. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Identify a local economic institution (e.g., bank) (E-1A-E10)

    • GLE-E-41. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Fundamental Economic Concepts: Explain why people exchange goods and services (E-1A-E11)

    • GLE-E-42. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Identify individuals or groups in the community who have started new businesses (E-1B-E3)

    • GLE-E-43. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Identify goods and services provided by the local government (E-1B-E4)

    • GLE-E-44. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Individuals, Households, Businesses, and Governments: Explain the difference between goods and services and give examples of each within the local community (E-1B-E5)

  • LA.H-E. Content Standard: History

    Time, Continuity, and Change: Students develop a sense of historical time and historical perspective as they study the history of their community, state, nation, and world.

    • H-1A-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      demonstrating an understanding of the concepts of time and chronology. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      recognizing that people in different times and places view the world differently. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1A-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Historical Thinking Skills

      identifying and using primary and secondary historical sources to learn about the past. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Families and Communities

      describing and comparing family life in the present and the past. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1B-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Families and Communities

      relating the history of the local community and comparing it to other communities of long ago. (1, 2, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-E1. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana and United States History

      describing the people, events, and ideas that were significant to the growth and development of our state and nation. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-E2. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana and United States History

      identifying the development of democratic principles and discussing how these principles have been exemplified by historic figures, events, and symbols. (1, 3, 4, 5)

    • H-1C-E3. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana and United States History

      describing the causes and nature of various movements of large groups of people into and within Louisiana and the United States throughout history. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1C-E4. Benchmark / Gle: Louisiana and United States History

      recognizing how folklore and other cultural elements have contributed to our local, state, and national heritage. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-E1. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      identifying the characteristics and historical development of selected societies throughout the world. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-E2. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      describing the social and economic impact of major scientific and technological advancements. (1, 3, 4)

    • H-1D-E3. Benchmark / Gle: World History

      discussing the impact of significant contributions made by historic figures from different regions of the world. (1, 3, 4)

    • GLE-E-45. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Develop a personal timeline (H-1A-E1)

    • GLE-E-46. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Identify similarities and differences in communities over time (H-1A-E2)

    • GLE-E-47. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Identify sources where historical information can be found and how that information can be used (H-1A-E3)

    • GLE-E-48. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Historical Thinking Skills: Locate general areas on maps and globes referenced in historical stories and legends (H-1A-E3)

    • GLE-E-49. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Families and Communities: Compare and contrast the student's daily life to that of parents, grandparents, and/or guardians (H-1B-E1)

    • GLE-E-50. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana and United States History: Identify and describe the significance of various community landmarks and symbols (H-1C-E2)

    • GLE-E-51. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      Louisiana and United States History: Identify cultural elements (e.g., crafts, customs, music, folklore) of the local community (H-1C-E4)

    • GLE-E-52. Benchmark / Gle: Grade Level Expectation

      World History: Explain the customs related to important holidays and ceremonies in various countries around the world in the past (H-1D-E1)

 
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