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Kentucky: 6th-Grade Standards

  • KY.PS. Category: Program of Studies 2006

    • SS-6-GC. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Big Idea

      Government and Civics - The study of government and civics equips students to understand the nature of government and the unique characteristics of American democracy, including its fundamental principles, structure, and the role of citizens. Understanding the historical development of structures of power, authority, and governance and their evolving functions in contemporary U.S. society and other parts of the world is essential for developing civic competence. An understanding of civic ideals and practices of citizenship is critical to full participation in society and is a central purpose of the social studies. (Academic Expectations 2.14, 2.15)

      • SS-6-GC-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that the purposes and sources of power in present day governments vary, each reflecting and impacting the culture(s) of the people governed.

      • SS-6-GC-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that individual rights of people vary under different forms of government.

      • SS-6-GC-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that democratic governments of the present day function to protect the rights, liberty and property of their citizens while promoting the common good.

      • SS-6-GC-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that the United States does not exist in isolation; its democratic form of government has played and continues to play a role in our interconnected society.

      • SS-6-GC-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will demonstrate an understanding (e.g., speak, draw, write, projects, present) of the nature of government:

        • SS-6-GC-S- Standard:

          Describe different forms of government in the present day

        • SS-6-GC-S- Standard:

          Compare purposes and sources of power in the most common forms of government (e.g., monarchy, democracy, republic, dictatorship) in the present day

        • SS-6-GC-S- Standard:

          Explain how democratic governments of the present day function to preserve and protect the rights (e.g., voting), liberty, and property of their citizens by making, enacting and enforcing appropriate rules and laws

        • SS-6-GC-S- Standard:

          Analyze information found in current events/news (e.g., TV, radio, internet, articles) about different present day governments and how they may reflect /impact culture

      • SS-6-GC-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will describe/give examples of similarities and differences between rights and responsibilities of individuals living in countries with different forms of government

      • SS-6-GC-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will analyze information from a variety of print and non-print sources (e.g., books, documents, articles, observations, interviews) to investigate, explain and answer questions about different forms of government in the present day

    • SS-6-CS. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Big Idea

      Cultures and Societies - Culture is the way of life shared by a group of people, including their ideas and traditions. Cultures reflect the values and beliefs of groups in different ways (e.g., art, music, literature, religion); however, there are universals connecting all cultures. Culture influences viewpoints, rules, and institutions in a global society. Students should understand that people form cultural groups throughout the United States and the World, and that issues and challenges unite and divide them. (Academic Expectations 2.16, 2.17)

      • SS-6-CS-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that culture is a system of beliefs, knowledge, institutions, customs/traditions, languages and skills shared by a group of people. Through a society's culture, individuals learn the relationships, structures, patterns and processes to be members of the society.

      • SS-6-CS-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that cultures develop social institutions (e.g., government, economy, education, religion, family) to structure society, influence behavior and respond to human needs.

      • SS-6-CS-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that interactions among individuals and groups assume various forms (e.g., compromise, cooperation, conflict, competition) and are influenced by culture.

      • SS-6-CS-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that culture affects how people in a society behave in relation to groups and their environment.

      • SS-6-CS-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that an appreciation of the diverse complexity of cultures is essential in our global society.

      • SS-6-CS-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will demonstrate an understanding (e.g., speak, draw, write, sing, create) of the complexity of culture by exploring cultural elements (e.g., beliefs, customs/traditions, languages, skills, literature, the arts) of diverse groups and explaining how culture serves to define present day groups and may result in unique perspectives

      • SS-6-CS-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate social institutions (e.g., family, religion, education, government, economy) in relation to how they respond to human needs, structure society and influence behavior in the present day

      • SS-6-CS-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will explain how communications between groups can be influenced by cultural differences; explain how interactions (e.g., political, economic, religious, ethnic) can lead to conflict and competition among individuals and groups in the present day

      • SS-6-CS-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will describe conflicts between individuals or groups and explain how compromise and cooperation are possible choices to resolve conflict among individuals and groups in the United States and across regions of the world in the present day

      • SS-6-CS-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will compare examples of cultural elements (e.g., language, the arts, customs/traditions, beliefs, skills and literature) of diverse groups in the present day, including non-western cultures within the United States, in current events/news using information from a variety of print and non-print sources (e.g., media, literature, interviews, observations, documentaries, artifacts)

    • SS-6-E. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Big Idea

      Economics - Economics includes the study of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Students need to understand how their economic decisions affect them, others, the nation and the world. The purpose of economic education is to enable individuals to function effectively both in their own personal lives and as citizens and participants in an increasingly connected world economy. Students need to understand the benefits and costs of economic interaction and interdependence among people, societies, and governments. (Academic Expectations 2.18)

      • SS-6-E-U-1 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that the basic economic problem confronting individuals, societies and governments across present day geographic regions is scarcity: as a result of scarcity, economic choices and decisions must be made.

      • SS-6-E-U-2 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that economic systems (e.g., traditional, command, market, mixed) and a variety of fundamental economic concepts (e.g., supply and demand, opportunity cost) affect individuals, societies and governments of the present day.

      • SS-6-E-U-3 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that individuals, businesses and governments must make economic decisions about the use of resources in the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

      • SS-6-E-U-4 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that markets are institutional arrangements that enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods and services.

      • SS-6-E-U-5 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that our global economy provides for a level of interdependence among individuals, regions and nations of the present day.

      • SS-6-E-S-1 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of limited resources and scarcity, using a variety of print and non-print sources (e.g., news media, news magazines, textbook, Internet) to investigate present day economic problems within the U.S. and in world regions:

        • SS-6-E-S-1 Standard:

          Explain how scarcity requires individuals, groups and governments to make decisions about the use of productive resources (e.g., natural resources, human resources and capital goods)

        • SS-6-E-S-1 Standard:

          Compare economic systems (e.g., traditional, command, market, mixed)

        • SS-6-E-S-1 Standard:

          Explain how the prices of goods and services are determined by supply and demand in market economies

      • SS-6-E-S-2 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will demonstrate an understanding of markets by providing scenarios to illustrate how goods and services are exchanged; explain how money can be used to express the market value of goods and services; describe the relationship between money and ease of trading, borrowing, investing and saving; analyze the connections between economic conditions and current events of the present day

      • SS-6-E-S-3 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate the production and distribution of goods and services in present day societies:

        • SS-6-E-S-3 Standard:

          Describe how competition among buyers and sellers impacts the price of goods and services

        • SS-6-E-S-3 Standard:

          Explain ways in which societies (within the U.S. and in world regions) address basic economic questions (e.g., how resources are used to produce goods and services, how regions increase productivity) about the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services

        • SS-6-E-S-3 Standard:

          Analyze examples that demonstrate interdependence of international economic activities

    • SS-6-G. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Big Idea

      Geography - Geography includes the study of the five fundamental themes of location, place, regions, movement and human/environmental interaction. Students need geographic knowledge to analyze issues and problems to better understand how humans have interacted with their environment over time, how geography has impacted settlement and population, and how geographic factors influence climate, culture, the economy and world events. A geographic perspective also enables students to better understand the past and present and to prepare for the future. (Academic Expectations 2.19)

      • SS-6-G-U-1 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that the use of geographic tools (e.g., maps, globes, photographs, models, charts, graphs, databases, and satellite images) and mental maps helps interpret information, analyze patterns and spatial data, and solve geographic issues in the present day.

      • SS-6-G-U-2 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that patterns emerge as humans move, settle, and interact on Earth's surface and can be identified by examining the location of physical and human characteristics, how they are arranged, and why they are in particular locations. Economic, political, cultural and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, interdependence, cooperation and conflict.

      • SS-6-G-U-3 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that regions help us to see Earth as an integrated system of places and features organized by such principles as landform types, political units, economic patterns and cultural groups.

      • SS-6-G-U-4 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that people depend on, adapt to, or modify the environment to meet basic needs. Human actions modify the physical environment and in turn, the physical environment limits or promotes human activities in the present day.

      • SS-6-G-U-5 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that citizens in an interdependent global community change their environment through the use of land and other resources. Many of the important issues facing societies and nations involve the consequences of interactions between human and physical systems.

      • SS-6-G-S-1 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will demonstrate an understanding of patterns on the Earth's surface, using a variety of geographic tools (e.g., maps, globes, charts, graphs, satellite images):

        • SS-6-G-S-1 Standard:

          Locate, in absolute and relative terms, landforms and bodies of water

        • SS-6-G-S-1 Standard:

          Locate and interpret patterns on Earth's surface (e.g., how different factors, such as rivers, mountains and plains affect where human activities are located)

      • SS-6-G-S-2 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate regions of the Earth's surface using information from print and non-print sources (e.g., books, films, magazines, Internet, geographic tools):

        • SS-6-G-S-2 Standard:

          Explain relationships between and among physical characteristics (e.g., mountains, bodies of water, valleys) of present day regions and how they are made distinctive by human characteristics (e.g., dams, roads, urban centers); describe advantages and disadvantages for human activities (e.g., exploration, migration, trade, settlement) that resulted

        • SS-6-G-S-2 Standard:

          Describe patterns of human settlement in the present day; explain relationships between these patterns and human needs; analyze how factors (e.g., war, famine, disease, economic opportunity, technology) impact human migration today

        • SS-6-G-S-2 Standard:

          Evaluate how availability of technology, resources and knowledge causes places and regions in the present day to change

        • SS-6-G-S-2 Standard:

          Interpret current events in the world from a geographic perspective

      • SS-6-G-S-3 Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate interactions among human activities and the physical environment in the present day:

        • SS-6-G-S-3 Standard:

          Explain cause and effect relationships between the natural resources of a place or region and its political, social, and economic development

        • SS-6-G-S-3 Standard:

          Explain how people modify the physical environment (e.g., dams, roads, bridges) to meet their needs in different regions

        • SS-6-G-S-3 Standard:

          Describe how the physical environment can promote or restrict human activities (e.g., exploration, migration, trade, settlement, development) in the present day

        • SS-6-G-S-3 Standard:

          Describe how individual and group perspectives impact the use (e.g., urban development, recycling) of natural resources using current events

    • SS-6-HP. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Big Idea

      Historical Perspective - History is an account of events, people, ideas, and their interaction over time that can be interpreted through multiple perspectives. In order for students to understand the present and plan for the future, they must understand the past. Studying history engages students in the lives, aspirations, struggles, accomplishments and failures of real people. Students need to think in an historical context in order to understand significant ideas, beliefs, themes, patterns and events, and how individuals and societies have changed over time in Kentucky, the United States and the World. (Academic Expectations 2.20)

      • SS-6-HP-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that interactions among countries and people are complex because of cultural, political, economic, geographic and historical differences.

      • SS-6-HP-U- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Understandings - Students will understand that people and groups react and adapt to change over time in a variety of ways based on their needs, goals and experiences.

      • SS-6-HP-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will demonstrate an understanding of the interpretative nature of history using a variety of tools and resources (e.g., primary and secondary sources, Internet, timelines, maps):

        • SS-6-HP-S- Standard:

          Investigate and chronologically describe (e.g., using timelines, charts, fictional and report writing, role playing) major events in present day regions of the world and draw inferences about their importance

        • SS-6-HP-S- Standard:

          Examine potential causes of recent historical events and show connections among causes and effects; use cause-effect relationships to identify patterns of historical change influenced by government, culture, economics and/or geography

        • SS-6-HP-S- Standard:

          Analyze historical events, conditions and perspectives of different individuals and groups (e.g., by gender, race, region, ethnic group, age, economic status, religion, political group) in present day regions of the world

      • SS-6-HP-S- Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Program of Studies

        Skills and Concepts - Students will analyze major historical events and people in present day regions of the world using information from print and non-print sources (e.g., biographies, autobiographies, films, magazines, Internet)

  • KY.AE. Category: Academic Expectation

    • AE.1. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain:

      Students are able to use basic communication and mathematics skills for purposes and situations they will encounter throughout their lives.

      • 1.1. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students use reference tools such as dictionaries, almanacs, encyclopedias, and computer reference programs and research tools such as interviews and surveys to find the information they need to meet specific demands, explore interests, or solve specific problems.

      • 1.2. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students make sense of the variety of materials they read.

      • 1.3. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students make sense of the various things they observe.

      • 1.4. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students make sense of the various messages to which they listen.

      • 1.5-1.9. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students use mathematical ideas and procedures to communicate, reason, and solve problems.

      • 1.10. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students organize information through development and use of classification rules and systems.

      • 1.11. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students write using appropriate forms, conventions, and styles to communicate ideas and information to different audiences for different purposes.

      • 1.12. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students speak using appropriate forms, conventions, and styles to communicate ideas and information to different audiences for different purposes.

      • 1.13. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students make sense of ideas and communicate ideas with the visual arts.

      • 1.14. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students make sense of ideas and communicate ideas with music.

      • 1.15. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students make sense of and communicate ideas with movement.

      • 1.16. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Students use computers and other kinds of technology to collect, organize, and communicate information and ideas.

    • AE.2. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain:

      Students shall develop their abilities to apply core concepts and principles from mathematics, the sciences, the arts, the humanities, social studies, practical living studies, and vocational studies to what they will encounter throughout their lives.

      • 2.14. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Social Studies

        Students understand the democratic principles of justice, equality, responsibility, and freedom and apply them to real-life situations.

      • 2.15. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Social Studies

        Students can accurately describe various forms of government and analyze issues that relate to the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy.

      • 2.16. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Social Studies

        Students observe, analyze, and interpret human behaviors, social groupings, and institutions to better understand people and the relationships among individuals and among groups.

      • 2.17. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Social Studies

        Students interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many ethnic and cultural groups of our nation and world.

      • 2.18. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Social Studies

        Students understand economic principles and are able to make economic decisions that have consequences in daily living.

      • 2.19. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Social Studies

        Students recognize and understand the relationship between people and geography and apply their knowledge in real-life situations.

      • 2.2. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer: Social Studies

        Students understand, analyze, and interpret historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to develop historical perspective.

  • KY.CC. Category: Core Content for Assessment v.4.1.

    • SS-06-1. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Government and Civics

      The study of government and civics equips students to understand the nature of government and the unique characteristics of representative democracy in the United States, including its fundamental principles, structure and the role of citizens. Understanding the historical development of structures of power, authority, and governance and their evolving functions in contemporary U.S. society and other parts of the world is essential for developing civic competence. An understanding of civic ideals and practices of citizenship is critical to full participation in society and is a central purpose of the social studies.

      • SS-06-1.1. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Formation of Governments

        • SS-06-1.1. Standard:

          Students will compare purposes and sources of power in the most common forms of government (monarchy, democracy, republic, dictatorship) in the present day. DOK 2

        • SS-06-1.1. Standard:

          Students will describe and give examples to support how present day democratic governments function to preserve and protect the rights (e.g., voting), liberty and property of their citizens by making, enacting and enforcing appropriate rules and laws. DOK 3

    • SS-06-2. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Cultures and Societies

      Culture is the way of life shared by a group of people, including their ideas and traditions. Cultures reflect the values and beliefs of groups in different ways (e.g., art, music, literature, religion); however, there are universals (e.g., food, clothing, shelter, communication) connecting all cultures. Culture influences viewpoints, rules and institutions in a global society. Students should understand that people form cultural groups throughout the United States and the World, and that issues and challenges unite and divide them.

      • SS-06-2.1. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Elements of Culture

        • SS-06-2.1. Standard:

          Students will explain how elements of culture (e.g., language, the arts, customs, beliefs, literature) define specific groups in the global world of the present day and may result in unique perspectives. DOK 2

      • SS-06-2.2. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Social Institutions

        • SS-06-2.2. Standard:

          Students will compare how cultures (present day) develop social institutions (family, religion, education, government, economy) to respond to human needs, structure society and influence behavior.

      • SS-06-2.3. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Interactions Among Individuals and Groups

        • SS-06-2.3. Standard:

          Students will explain how conflict and competition (e.g., political, economic, religious, ethnic) occur among individuals and groups in the present day. DOK 2

        • SS-06-2.3. Standard:

          Students will explain how compromise and cooperation are possible choices to resolve conflict among individuals and groups in the present day. DOK 2

    • SS-06-3. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Economics

      Economics includes the study of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Students need to understand how their economic decisions affect them, others, the nation and the world. The purpose of economic education is to enable individuals to function effectively both in their own personal lives and as citizens and participants in an increasingly connected world economy. Students need to understand the benefits and costs of economic interaction and interdependence among people, societies and governments.

      • SS-06-3.1. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Scarcity

        • SS-06-3.1. Standard:

          Students will explain and give examples of how scarcity requires individuals, groups and governments in the present day to make decisions about how productive resources (natural resources, human resources capital goods) are used. DOK 2

      • SS-06-3.2. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Economic Systems and Institutions

        • SS-06-3.2. Standard:

          Students will compare present day economic systems (traditional, command, market, mixed). DOK 2

      • SS-06-3.3. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Markets

        • SS-06-3.3. Standard:

          Students will explain how in present day market economies, the prices of goods and services are determined by supply and demand. DOK 2

        • SS-06-3.3. Standard:

          Students will explain how money (unit of account) can be used to express the market value of goods and services and how money makes it easier to trade, borrow, invest and save in the present day.

        • SS-06-3.3. Standard:

          Students will explain how competition among buyers and sellers impacts the price of goods and services in the present day.

      • SS-06-3.4. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Production, Distribution, and Consumption

        • SS-06-3.4. Standard:

          Students will explain ways in which the basic economic questions about the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services are addressed in the present day.

        • SS-06-3.4. Standard:

          Students will describe how new knowledge, technology/tools and specialization increase human productivity in the present day. DOK 2

        • SS-06-3.4. Standard:

          Students will explain how international economic activities are interdependent in the present day. DOK 2

    • SS-06-4. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Geography

      Geography includes the study of the five fundamental themes of location, place, regions, movement and human/environmental interaction. Students need geographic knowledge to analyze issues and problems to better understand how humans have interacted with their environment over time, how geography has impacted settlement and population, and how geographic factors influence climate, culture, the economy and world events. A geographic perspective also enables students to better understand the past and present and to prepare for the future.

      • SS-06-4.1. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        The Use of Geographic Tools

        • SS-06-4.1. Standard:

          Students will use a variety of geographic tools (maps, photographs, charts, graphs, databases, satellite images) to interpret patterns and locations on Earth's surface in the present day. DOK 3

        • SS-06-4.1. Standard:

          Students will describe how different factors (e.g., rivers, mountains, plains) affect where human activities are located in the present day.

      • SS-06-4.2. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Regions

        • SS-06-4.2. Standard:

          Students will describe how regions in the present day are made distinctive by human characteristics (e.g., dams, roads, urban centers) and physical characteristics (e.g., mountains, bodies of water, valleys) that create advantages and disadvantages for human activities (e.g., exploration, migration, trade, settlement, development). DOK 2

        • SS-06-4.2. Standard:

          Students will describe and give examples of how places and regions in the present day change over time as technologies, resources and knowledge become available. DOK 2

      • SS-06-4.3. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Patterns

        • SS-06-4.3. Standard:

          Students will describe patterns of human settlement in the present day and explain how these patterns are influenced by human needs. DOK 2

        • SS-06-4.3. Standard:

          Students will explain why and give examples of how human populations may change and/or migrate because of factors such as war, famine, disease, economic opportunity and technology in the present day. DOK 3

      • SS-06-4.4. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        Human-Environment Interaction

        • SS-06-4.4. Standard:

          Students will explain how technology in the present day assists human modification (e.g., irrigation, clearing land, building roads) of the physical environment in regions. DOK 2

        • SS-06-4.4. Standard:

          Students will describe ways in which the physical environment (e.g., natural resources, physical geography, natural disasters) both promotes and limits human activities (e.g., exploration, migration, trade, settlement, development) in the present day. DOK 2

        • SS-06-4.4. Standard:

          Students will explain how the natural resources of a place or region impact its political, social and economic development in the present day.

        • SS-06-4.4. Standard:

          Students will explain how individual and group perspectives impact the use of natural resources (e.g., urban development, recycling) in the present day.

    • SS-06-5. Goal / Understandings / Subdomain: Historical Perspective

      History is an account of events, people, ideas and their interaction over time that can be interpreted through multiple perspectives. In order for students to understand the present and plan for the future, they must understand the past. Studying history engages students in the lives, aspirations, struggles, accomplishments and failures of real people. Students need to think in an historical context in order to understand significant ideas, beliefs, themes, patterns and events, and how individuals and societies have changed over time in Kentucky, the United States and the World.

      • SS-06-5.1. Ae / Skills & Concepts / Organizer:

        The Factual and Interpretive Nature of History

        • SS-06-5.1. Standard:

          Students will use a variety of tools (e.g., primary and secondary sources) to describe and explain historical events and conditions and to analyze the perspectives of different individuals and groups (e.g., gender, race, region, ethnic group, age, economic status, religion, political group) in present day regions.

 
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