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Kansas: 2nd-Grade Standards

  • KS.1. Standard: Civics-Government

    The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of governmental systems of Kansas and the United States and other nations with an emphasis on the United States Constitution, the necessity for the rule of law, the civic values of the American people, and the rights, privileges, and responsibilities of becoming active participants in our representative democracy.

    • 1.1. Benchmark:

      The student understands the rule of law as it applies to individuals; family; school; local, state and national governments.

      • 1.1.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student recognizes that rules provide order and safety and benefit all school and community members.

    • 1.2. Benchmark:

      The student understands the shared ideals and diversity of American society and political culture.

      • 1.2.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student identifies and defines the characteristics of a good citizen (e.g., honesty, courage, patriotism, tolerance, respect).

    • 1.3. Benchmark:

      The student understands how the United States Constitution allocates power and responsibility in the government.

      • 1.3.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student recognizes that the United States Constitution is a written plan for the rules of government (e.g., knows the Constitution lists rules of the government compared to the rules for the family, classroom, or school).

    • 1.4. Benchmark:

      The student identifies and examines the rights, privileges, and responsibilities in becoming an active civic participant.

      • 1.4.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student discusses how rights and privileges change over time and in different situations (e.g., the right to vote at eighteen, the privilege of being louder on the playground than in the classroom).

    • 1.5. Benchmark:

      The student understands various systems of governments and how nations and international organizations interact.

      • 1.5.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student demonstrates leadership in the classroom.

  • KS.2. Standard: Economics

    The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of major economic concepts, issues, and systems, applying decision-making skills as a consumer, producer, saver, investor, and citizen of Kansas and the United States living in an interdependent world.

    • 2.1. Benchmark:

      The student understands how limited resources require choices.

      • 2.1.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student knows the difference between goods and services, and provides examples how each satisfies people's wants and needs.

      • 2.1.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student identifies examples of producers and consumers.

      • 2.1.3. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student identifies the opportunity cost of a choice (e.g., next best alternative not chosen).

    • 2.2. Benchmark:

      The student understands how the market economy works in the United States.

      • 2.2.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student understands the concept of exchange and the use of money to purchase goods and services (e.g., trade with barter or money).

    • 2.3. Benchmark:

      The student analyzes how different incentives, economic systems and their institutions, and local, national, and international interdependence affect people.

      • 2.3.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student explains the advantage of choosing to save or spend money that is earned or received.

      • 2.3.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student defines a budget as a plan for spending and saving income.

    • 2.4. Benchmark:

      The student analyzes the role of the government in the economy.

      • 2.4.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        This benchmark will be taught at another grade level.

    • 2.5. Benchmark:

      The student makes effective decisions as a consumer, producer, saver, investor, and citizen.

      • 2.5.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student understands that people earn an income and sometimes benefits for the work they do and gives examples of different types of work within a community both today and in the past.

      • 2.5.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student knows that a decision-making process can help people make spending and saving decisions.

  • KS.3. Standard: Geography

    The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of the spatial organization of Earth's surface and relationships between peoples and places and physical and human environments in order to explain the interactions that occur in Kansas, the United States, and in our world.

    • 3.1. Benchmark: Geographic Tools and Location

      The student uses maps, graphic representations, tools, and technologies to locate, use, and present information about people, places, and environments.

      • 3.1.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student makes and uses maps to represent and locate familiar places within cities and Kansas (e.g., title, symbols, legend, compass rose, cardinal directions, grid system).

      • 3.1.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level: (K) The student identifies and correctly uses terms

        North, South, East, West.

      • 3.1.3. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student locates major geography features (e.g., Rocky Mountains, Missouri River, Gulf of Mexico, Kansas City, Wichita, Topeka, Washington, DC).

    • 3.2. Benchmark: Places and Regions

      The student analyzes the human and physical features that give places and regions their distinctive character.

      • 3.2.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level: (K) The student identifies physical and human changes that have taken place over time in the local region (e.g., physical

        tornadoes, drought, Kansas as an inland sea; human: new shopping centers, highways, houses).

    • 3.3. Benchmark: Physical Systems

      The student understands Earth's physical systems and how physical processes shape Earth's surface.

      • 3.3.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student describes how weather affects environment (e.g., deciding when crops are planted and harvested, lack of rain causes drought, early freeze kills plants).

    • 3.4. Benchmark: Human Systems

      The student understands how economic, political, cultural, and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, interdependence, cooperation, and conflict.

      • 3.4.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student identifies the past and present settlement or development patterns of his/her community or local area.

    • 3.5. Benchmark: Human-Environment Interactions

      The student understands the effects of interactions between human and physical systems.

      • 3.5.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student describe how physical systems influence people and their activities.

  • KS.4. Standard: History (Kansas, United States, and World History)

    The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of significant individuals, groups, ideas, events, eras, and developments in the history of Kansas, the United States, and the world, utilizing essential analytical and research skills.

    • 4.1. Benchmark:

      The student understands the significance of important individuals and major developments in history.

      • 4.1.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student compares various forms of transportation in Kansas past and present (e.g., the horse, steamboat, trains, airplanes, cars).

      • 4.1.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student compares and contrasts the ways people communicate with each other past and present.

      • 4.1.3. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student identifies important innovations made in the past that influence today (e.g., Wright Brothers - airplane; Henry Ford - automobile; Ancient China - irrigation, paper; Inca - highways to connect cities).

      • 4.1.4. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student recognizes the impact of contributions made by leaders past and present.

    • 4.2. Benchmark:

      The student understands the importance of the experiences of groups of people who have contributed to the richness of our heritage.

      • 4.2.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student compares and contrasts daily life of an historic Plains Indian family, a pioneer family, and a modern family in Kansas.

      • 4.2.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student defines immigration and gives past and present examples from Kansas.

      • 4.2.3. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student defines history as the story of the past.

    • 4.3. Benchmark:

      The student understands the significance of events, holidays, documents, and symbols that are important to Kansas, United States and World history.

      • 4.3.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (K) The student recognizes the importance of the Declaration of Independence and the Star Spangled Banner.

      • 4.3.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student locates and explains the importance of landmarks and historical sites today (e.g., Plymouth Rock, United States Capitol, Statue of Liberty, Kitty Hawk, Kansas State Capitol, Mt. Rushmore, Mesa Verde, the Alamo, Sutter's Mill).

    • 4.4. Benchmark:

      The student engages in historical thinking skills.

      • 4.4.1. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student creates and uses timelines.

      • 4.4.2. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student locates information using both primary and secondary sources.

      • 4.4.3. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student uses information to understand cause and effect.

      • 4.4.4. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student compares and contrasts to draw conclusions.

      • 4.4.5. Indicator / Proficiency Level:

        (A) The student uses research skills (e.g., discusses ideas; formulates broad and specific questions; finds and selects information with help; records, organizes and shares information).

 
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