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Illinois: 7th-Grade Standards

  • IL.14. State Goal / Strand: Political Systems

    Understand political systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 14.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand and explain basic principles of the United States government.

      • 14.A.3. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how responsibilities are shared and limited by the United States and Illinois Constitutions and significant court decisions.

    • 14.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the structures and functions of the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.B.3. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify and compare the basic political systems of Illinois and the United States as prescribed in their constitutions.

    • 14.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand election processes and responsibilities of citizens.

      • 14.C.3. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Compare historical issues involving rights, roles and status of individuals in relation to municipalities, states and the nation.

    • 14.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and influences of individuals and interest groups in the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.D.3. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe roles and influences of individuals, groups and media in shaping current Illinois and United States public policy (e.g., general public opinion, special interest groups, formal parties, media).

    • 14.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand United States foreign policy as it relates to other nations and international issues.

      • 14.E.3. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Compare the basic principles of the United States and its international interests (e.g., territory, environment, trade, use of technology).

    • 14.F. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of United States political ideas and traditions.

      • 14.F.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze historical influences on the development of political ideas and practices as enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the Illinois Constitution.

      • 14.F.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how United States political ideas and traditions were instituted in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

  • IL.15. State Goal / Strand: Economics

    Understand economic systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 15.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how different economic systems operate in the exchange, production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

      • 15.A.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how market prices signal producers about what, how and how much to produce.

      • 15.A.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the relationship between productivity and wages.

      • 15.A.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the relationship between consumer purchases and businesses paying for productive resources.

      • 15.A.3d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the causes of unemployment (e.g., seasonal fluctuation in demand, changing jobs, changing skill requirements, national spending).

    • 15.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by consumers.

      • 15.B.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the market clearing price of a good or service.

      • 15.B.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the effects of choice and competition on individuals and the economy as a whole.

    • 15.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by producers.

      • 15.C.3. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify and explain the effects of various incentives to produce a good or service.

    • 15.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand trade as an exchange of goods or services.

      • 15.D.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the effects of increasing and declining imports and exports to an individual and to the nation's economy as a whole.

      • 15.D.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how comparative advantage forms the basis for specialization and trade among nations.

      • 15.D.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how workers can affect their productivity through training and by using tools, machinery and technology.

    • 15.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the impact of government policies and decisions on production and consumption in the economy.

      • 15.E.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify the types of taxes levied by differing levels of governments (e.g., income tax, sales tax, property tax).

      • 15.E.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how laws and government policies (e.g., property rights, contract enforcement, standard weights/measurements) establish rules that help a market economy function effectively.

  • IL.16. State Goal / Strand: History

    Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

    • 16.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Apply the skills of historical analysis and interpretation.

      • 16.A.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how historians use models for organizing historical interpretation (e.g., biographies, political events, issues and conflicts).

      • 16.A.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.

      • 16.A.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify the differences between historical fact and interpretation.

    • 16.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of significant political events.

      • 16.B.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how different groups competed for power within the colonies and how that competition led to the development of political institutions during the early national period.

      • 16.B.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Explain how and why the colonies fought for their independence and how the colonists' ideas are reflected in the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution.

      • 16.B.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe the way the Constitution has changed over time as a result of amendments and Supreme Court decisions.

      • 16.B.3d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe ways in which the United States developed as a world political power.

      • 16.B.3e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Compare the political characteristics of Greek and Roman civilizations with non-Western civilizations, including the early Han dynasty and Gupta empire, between 500 BCE and 500 CE.

      • 16.B.3f. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Identify causes and effects of the decline of the Roman empire and other major world political events (e.g., rise of the Islamic empire, rise and decline of the T'ang dynasty, establishment of the kingdom of Ghana) between 500 CE and 1500 CE.

      • 16.B.3g. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Identify causes and effects of European feudalism and the emergence of nation states between 500 CE and 1500 CE.

      • 16.B.3h. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe political effects of European exploration and expansion on the Americas, Asia, and Africa after 1500 CE.

    • 16.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of economic systems.

      • 16.C.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe economic motivations that attracted Europeans and others to the Americas, 1500-1750.

      • 16.C.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Explain relationships among the American economy and slavery, immigration, industrialization, labor and urbanization, 1700-present.

      • 16.C.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how economic developments and government policies after 1865 affected the country's economic institutions including corporations, banks and organized labor.

      • 16.C.3d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe major economic trends from 1000 to 1500 CE including long distance trade, banking, specialization of labor, commercialization, urbanization and technological and scientific progress.

      • 16.C.3e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe the economic systems and trade patterns of North America, South America and Mesoamerica before the encounter with the Europeans.

      • 16.C.3f. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe the impact of technology (e.g., weaponry, transportation, printing press, microchips) in different parts of the world, 1500 - present.

    • 16.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world social history.

      • 16.D.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe characteristics of different kinds of communities in various sections of America during the colonial/frontier periods and the 19th century.

      • 16.D.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe characteristics of different kinds of families in America during the colonial/frontier periods and the 19th century.

      • 16.D.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Identify the origins and analyze consequences of events that have shaped world social history including famines, migrations, plagues, slave trading.

    • 16.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world environmental history.

      • 16.E.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how early settlers in Illinois and the United States adapted to, used and changed the environment prior to 1818.

      • 16.E.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how the largely rural population of the United States adapted, used and changed the environment after 1818.

      • 16.E.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe the impact of urbanization and suburbanization, 1850 - present, on the environment.

      • 16.E.3d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe how the people of the Huang He, Tigris-Euphrates, Nile and Indus river valleys shaped their environments during the agricultural revolution, 4000 - 1000 BCE.

      • 16.E.3e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Explain how expanded European and Asian contacts affected the environment of both continents, 1000 BCE - 1500 CE.

  • IL.17. State Goal / Strand: Geography

    Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 17.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Locate, describe and explain places, regions and features on the Earth.

      • 17.A.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how people use geographic markers and boundaries to analyze and navigate the Earth (e.g., hemispheres, meridians, continents, bodies of water).

      • 17.A.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how to make and use geographic representations to provide and enhance spatial information including maps, graphs, charts, models, aerial photographs, satellite images.

    • 17.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Analyze and explain characteristics and interactions on the Earth's physical systems.

      • 17.B.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how physical processes including climate, plate tectonics, erosion, soil formation, water cycle, and circulation patterns in the ocean shape patterns in the environment and influence availability and quality of natural resources.

      • 17.B.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how changes in components of an ecosystem affect the system overall.

    • 17.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand relationships between geographic factors and society.

      • 17.C.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how human activity is affected by geographic factors.

      • 17.C.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how patterns of resources are used throughout the world.

      • 17.C.3c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze how human processes influence settlement patterns including migration and population growth.

    • 17.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the historical significance of geography.

      • 17.D.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how and why spatial patterns of settlement change over time.

      • 17.D.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how interactions of geographic factors have shaped present conditions.

  • IL.18. State Goal / Strand: Social Systems

    Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 18.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions.

      • 18.A.3. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how language, literature, the arts, architecture and traditions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.

    • 18.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society.

      • 18.B.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze how individuals and groups interact with and within institutions (e.g., educational, military).

      • 18.A.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.

    • 18.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how social systems form and develop over time.

      • 18.C.3a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe ways in which a diverse U.S. population has developed and maintained common beliefs (e.g., life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; the Constitution and the Bill of Rights).

      • 18.C.3b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how diverse groups have contributed to U.S. social systems over time.

 
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