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Illinois: 3rd-Grade Standards

  • IL.14. State Goal / Strand: Political Systems

    Understand political systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 14.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand and explain basic principles of the United States government.

      • 14.A.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the importance of fundamental concepts expressed and implied in major documents including the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution and the Illinois Constitution.

    • 14.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the structures and functions of the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.B.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain what government does at local, state and national levels.

    • 14.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand election processes and responsibilities of citizens.

      • 14.C.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe and evaluate why rights and responsibilities are important to the individual, family, community, workplace, state and nation (e.g., voting, protection under the law).

    • 14.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and influences of individuals and interest groups in the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.D.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain ways that individuals and groups influence and shape public policy.

    • 14.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand United States foreign policy as it relates to other nations and international issues.

      • 14.E.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Determine and explain the leadership role of the United States in international settings.

    • 14.F. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of United States political ideas and traditions.

      • 14.F.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify consistencies and inconsistencies between expressed United States political traditions and ideas and actual practices (e.g., freedom of speech, right to bear arms, slavery, voting rights).

  • IL.15. State Goal / Strand: Economics

    Understand economic systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 15.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how different economic systems operate in the exchange, production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

      • 15.A.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how economic systems decide what goods and services are produced, how they are produced and who consumes them.

      • 15.A.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how incomes reflect choices made about education and careers.

      • 15.A.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe unemployment.

    • 15.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by consumers.

      • 15.B.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify factors that affect how consumers make their choices.

      • 15.B.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the relationship between the quantity of goods/services purchased and their price.

      • 15.B.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain that when a choice is made, something else is given up.

    • 15.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by producers.

      • 15.C.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the relationship between price and quantity supplied of a good or service.

      • 15.C.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify and explain examples of competition in the economy.

      • 15.C.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how entrepreneurs take risks in order to produce goods or services.

    • 15.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand trade as an exchange of goods or services.

      • 15.D.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain why people and countries voluntarily exchange goods and services.

      • 15.D.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the relationships among specialization, division of labor, productivity of workers and interdependence among producers and consumers.

    • 15.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the impact of government policies and decisions on production and consumption in the economy.

      • 15.E.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how and why public goods and services are provided.

      • 15.E.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify which public goods and services are provided by differing levels of government.

  • IL.16. State Goal / Strand: History

    Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

    • 16.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Apply the skills of historical analysis and interpretation.

      • 16.A.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Read historical stories and determine events which influenced their writing.

      • 16.A.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Compare different stories about a historical figure or event and analyze differences in the portrayals and perspectives they present.

      • 16.A.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Ask questions and seek answers by collecting and analyzing data from historic documents, images and other literary and non-literary sources.

    • 16.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of significant political events.

      • 16.B.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how the European colonies in North America developed politically.

      • 16.B.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Identify major causes of the American Revolution and describe the consequences of the Revolution through the early national period, including the roles of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin.

      • 16.B.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Identify presidential elections that were pivotal in the formation of modern political parties.

      • 16.B.2d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Identify major political events and leaders within the United States historical eras since the adoption of the Constitution, including the westward expansion, Louisiana Purchase, Civil War, and 20th century wars as well as the roles of Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

      • 16.B.2e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe the historical development of monarchies, oligarchies and city-states in ancient civilizations.

      • 16.B.2f. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe the origins of Western political ideas and institutions (e.g. Greek democracy, Roman republic, Magna Carta and Common Law, the Enlightenment).

    • 16.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of economic systems.

      • 16.C.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how slavery and indentured servitude influenced the early economy of the United States.

      • 16.C.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Explain how individuals, including John Deere, Thomas Edison, Robert McCormack, George Washington Carver and Henry Ford, contributed to economic change through ideas, inventions and entrepreneurship.

      • 16.C.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe significant economic events including industrialization, immigration, the Great Depression, the shift to a service economy and the rise of technology that influenced history from the industrial development era to the present.

      • 16.C.2d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe the economic consequences of the first agricultural revolution, 4000 BCE-1000 BCE.

      • 16.C.2e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe the basic economic systems of the world's great civilizations including Mesopotamia, Egypt, Aegean/Mediterranean and Asian civilizations, 1000 BCE - 500 CE.

      • 16.C.2f. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe basic economic changes that led to and resulted from the manorial agricultural system, the industrial revolution, the rise of the capitalism and the information/communication revolution.

    • 16.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world social history.

      • 16.D.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe the various individual motives for settling in colonial America.

      • 16.D.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe the ways in which participation in the westward movement affected families and communities.

      • 16.D.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe the influence of key individuals and groups, including Susan B. Anthony/suffrage and Martin Luther King, Jr./civil rights, in the historical eras of Illinois and the United States.

      • 16.D.2d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe the various roles of men, women and children in the family, at work, and in the community in various time periods and places (e.g., ancient Rome, Medieval Europe, ancient China, Sub-Saharan Africa).

    • 16.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world environmental history.

      • 16.E.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Identify environmental factors that drew settlers to the state and region.

      • 16.E.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Identify individuals and events in the development of the conservation movement including John Muir, Theodore Roosevelt and the creation of the National Park System.

      • 16.E.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe environmental factors that influenced the development of transportation and trade in Illinois.

      • 16.E.2d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe how people in hunting and gathering and early pastoral societies adapted to their respective environments.

      • 16.E.2e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Identify individuals and their inventions (e.g., Watt/steam engine, Nobel/TNT, Edison/electric light) which influenced world environmental history.

  • IL.17. State Goal / Strand: Geography

    Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 17.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Locate, describe and explain places, regions and features on the Earth.

      • 17.A.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Compare the physical characteristics of places including soils, land forms, vegetation, wildlife, climate, natural hazards.

      • 17.A.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Use maps and other geographic representations and instruments to gather information about people, places and environments.

    • 17.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Analyze and explain characteristics and interactions on the Earth's physical systems.

      • 17.B.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how physical and human processes shape spatial patterns including erosion, agriculture and settlement.

      • 17.B.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how physical and living components interact in a variety of ecosystems including desert, prairie, flood plain, forest, tundra.

    • 17.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand relationships between geographic factors and society.

      • 17.C.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how natural events in the physical environment affect human activities.

      • 17.C.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the relationships among location of resources, population distribution and economic activities (e.g., transportation, trade, communications).

      • 17.C.2c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how human activity affects the environment.

    • 17.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the historical significance of geography.

      • 17.D.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how physical characteristics of places influence people's perceptions and their roles in the world over time.

      • 17.D.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify different settlement patterns in Illinois and the United States and relate them to physical features and resources.

  • IL.18. State Goal / Strand: Social Systems

    Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 18.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions.

      • 18.A.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain ways in which language, stories, folk tales, music, media and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture.

    • 18.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society.

      • 18.B.2a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe interactions of individuals, groups and institutions in situations drawn from the local community (e.g., local response to state and national reforms).

      • 18.B.2b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the ways in which institutions meet the needs of society.

    • 18.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how social systems form and develop over time.

      • 18.C.2. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how changes in production (e.g., hunting and gathering, agricultural, industrial) and population caused changes in social systems.

 
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