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Illinois: 2nd-Grade Standards

  • IL.14. State Goal / Strand: Political Systems

    Understand political systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 14.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand and explain basic principles of the United States government.

      • 14.A.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the fundamental principles of government including representative government, government of law, individual rights and the common good.

    • 14.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the structures and functions of the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.B.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify the different levels of government as local, state and national.

    • 14.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand election processes and responsibilities of citizens.

      • 14.C.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify concepts of responsible citizenship including respect for the law, patriotism, civility and working with others.

    • 14.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and influences of individuals and interest groups in the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.D.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify the roles of civic leaders (e.g., elected leaders, public service leaders).

    • 14.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand United States foreign policy as it relates to other nations and international issues.

      • 14.E.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify relationships that the federal government establishes with other nations.

    • 14.F. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of United States political ideas and traditions.

      • 14.F.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe political ideas and traditions important to the development of the United States including democracy, individual rights and the concept of freedom.

  • IL.15. State Goal / Strand: Economics

    Understand economic systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 15.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how different economic systems operate in the exchange, production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

      • 15.A.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify advantages and disadvantages of different ways to distribute goods and services.

      • 15.A.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how wages/salaries can be earned in exchange for work.

    • 15.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by consumers.

      • 15.B.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain why consumers must make choices.

    • 15.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by producers.

      • 15.C.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how human, natural and capital resources are used to produce goods and services.

      • 15.C.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify limitations in resources that force producers to make choices about what to produce.

    • 15.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand trade as an exchange of goods or services.

      • 15.D.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Demonstrate the benefits of simple voluntary exchanges.

      • 15.D.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Know that barter is a type of exchange and that money makes exchange easier.

    • 15.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the impact of government policies and decisions on production and consumption in the economy.

      • 15.E.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify goods and services provided by government.

  • IL.16. State Goal / Strand: History

    Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

    • 16.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Apply the skills of historical analysis and interpretation.

      • 16.A.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the difference between past, present and future time; place themselves in time.

      • 16.A.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Ask historical questions and seek out answers from historical sources (e.g., myths, biographies, stories, old photographs, artwork, other visual or electronic sources).

      • 16.A.1c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how people in different times and places viewed the world in different ways.

    • 16.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of significant political events.

      • 16.B.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Identify key individuals and events in the development of the local community (e.g., Founders days, names of parks, streets, public buildings).

      • 16.B.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Explain why individuals, groups, issues and events are celebrated with local, state or national holidays or days of recognition (e.g., Lincoln's Birthday, Martin Luther King's Birthday, Pulaski Day, Fourth of July, Memorial Day, Labor Day, Veterans' Day, Thanksgiving).

      • 16.B.1c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Explain the contributions of individuals and groups who are featured in biographies, legends, folklore and traditions.

    • 16.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of economic systems.

      • 16.C.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how Native American people in Illinois engaged in economic activities with other tribes and traders in the region prior to the Black Hawk War.

      • 16.C.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Explain how the economy of the students' local community has changed over time.

      • 16.C.1c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Identify how people and groups in the past made economic choices (e.g., crops to plant, products to make, products to trade) to survive and improve their lives.

      • 16.C.1d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Explain how trade among people brought an exchange of ideas, technology and language.

    • 16.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world social history.

      • 16.D.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe key figures and organizations (e.g., fraternal/civic organizations, public service groups, community leaders) in the social history of the local community.

      • 16.D.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Identify how customs and traditions from around the world influence the local community.

    • 16.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world environmental history.

      • 16.E.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how the local environment has changed over time.

      • 16.E.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Compare depictions of the natural environment that are found in myths, legends, folklore and traditions.

  • IL.17. State Goal / Strand: Geography

    Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 17.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Locate, describe and explain places, regions and features on the Earth.

      • 17.A.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify physical characteristics of places, both local and global (e.g., locations, roads, regions, bodies of water).

      • 17.A.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify the characteristics and purposes of geographic representations including maps, globes, graphs, photographs, software, digital images and be able to locate specific places using each.

    • 17.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Analyze and explain characteristics and interactions on the Earth's physical systems.

      • 17.B.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify components of the Earth's physical systems.

      • 17.B.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe physical components of ecosystems.

    • 17.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand relationships between geographic factors and society.

      • 17.C.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify ways people depend on and interact with the physical environment (e.g., farming, fishing, hydroelectric power).

      • 17.C.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify opportunities and constraints of the physical environment.

      • 17.C.1c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources.

    • 17.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the historical significance of geography.

      • 17.D.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify changes in geographic characteristics of a local region (e.g., town, community).

  • IL.18. State Goal / Strand: Social Systems

    Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 18.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions.

      • 18.A.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify folklore from different cultures which became part of the heritage of the United States.

    • 18.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society.

      • 18.B.1a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Compare the roles of individuals in group situations (e.g., student, committee member, employee/employer).

      • 18.B.1b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Identify major social institutions in the community.

    • 18.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how social systems form and develop over time.

      • 18.C.1. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how individuals interacted within groups to make choices regarding food, clothing and shelter.

 
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