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Illinois: 12th-Grade Standards

  • IL.14. State Goal / Strand: Political Systems

    Understand political systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 14.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand and explain basic principles of the United States government.

      • 14.A.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze ways in which federalism protects individual rights and promotes the common good and how at times has made it possible for states to protect and deny rights for certain groups.

    • 14.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the structures and functions of the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.B.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze similarities and differences among world political systems (e.g., democracy, socialism, communism).

    • 14.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand election processes and responsibilities of citizens.

      • 14.C.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze the consequences of participation and non-participation in the electoral process (e.g., women's suffrage, voter registration, effects of media).

    • 14.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and influences of individuals and interest groups in the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

      • 14.D.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Interpret a variety of public policies and issues from the perspectives of different individuals and groups.

    • 14.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand United States foreign policy as it relates to other nations and international issues.

      • 14.E.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze relationships and tensions among members of the international community.

    • 14.F. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of United States political ideas and traditions.

      • 14.F.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Interpret how changing geographical, economic, technological and social forces affect United States political ideas and traditions (e.g., freedom, equality and justice, individual rights).

  • IL.15. State Goal / Strand: Economics

    Understand economic systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 15.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how different economic systems operate in the exchange, production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

      • 15.A.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the impact of various determinants of economic growth (e.g., investments in human/physical capital, research and development, technological change) on the economy.

      • 15.A.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze the impact of economic growth.

      • 15.A.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze the impact of various determinants on the levels of GDP (e.g., quantity/quality of natural/capital resources, size/skills of the labor force).

      • 15.A.5d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the comparative value of the Consumer Price Index (e.g., goods and services in one year with earlier or later periods).

    • 15.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by consumers.

      • 15.B.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze the impact of changes in non-price determinants (e.g., changes in consumer income, changes in tastes and preferences) on consumer demand.

      • 15.B.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze how inflation and interest rates affect consumer purchasing power.

      • 15.B.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze elasticity as it applies to supply and demand and consumer decisions.

    • 15.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by producers.

      • 15.C.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how competition is maintained in the United States economy and how the level of competition varies in differing market structures (e.g., monopoly, oligopoly, monopolistic and perfect competition).

      • 15.C.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how changes in non-price determinants of supply (e.g., number of producers) affect producer decisions.

      • 15.C.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how government intervention with market prices can cause shortages or surpluses of a good or service (e.g., minimum wage policies, rent freezes, farm subsidies).

    • 15.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand trade as an exchange of goods or services.

      • 15.D.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how transaction costs affect decisions to produce or consume.

      • 15.D.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze why trade barriers and exchange rates affect the flow of goods and services among nations.

      • 15.D.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how technology has affected trade in the areas of transportation, communication, finance and manufacturing.

    • 15.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the impact of government policies and decisions on production and consumption in the economy.

      • 15.E.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain how and why government redistributes income in the economy.

      • 15.E.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe how fiscal, monetary and regulatory policies affect overall levels of employment, output and consumption.

      • 15.E.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe key schools of thought (e.g., classical, Keynesian, monetarist, supply-side) and explain their impact on government policies.

  • IL.16. State Goal / Strand: History

    Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

    • 16.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Apply the skills of historical analysis and interpretation.

      • 16.A.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze historical and contemporary developments using methods of historical inquiry (pose questions, collect and analyze data, make and support inferences with evidence, report findings).

      • 16.A.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Explain the tentative nature of historical interpretations.

    • 16.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of significant political events.

      • 16.B.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Describe how modern political positions are affected by differences in ideologies and viewpoints that have developed over time (e.g., political parties' positions on government intervention in the economy).

      • 16.B.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Analyze how United States political history has been influenced by the nation's economic, social and environmental history.

      • 16.B.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Analyze worldwide consequences of isolated political events, including the events triggering the Napoleonic Wars and World Wars I and II.

      • 16.B.5d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe how tensions in the modern world are affected by different political ideologies including democracy and totalitarianism.

      • 16.B.5e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Analyze the relationship of an issue in world political history to the related aspects of world economic, social and environmental history.

    • 16.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the development of economic systems.

      • 16.C.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Analyze how and why the role of the United States in the world economy has changed since World War II.

      • 16.C.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Analyze the relationship between an issue in United States economic history and the related aspects of political, social and environmental history.

      • 16.C.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Explain how industrial capitalism became the dominant economic model in the world.

      • 16.C.5d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Describe how historical trends in population, urbanization, economic development and technological advancements have caused change in world economic systems.

      • 16.C.5e. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Analyze the relationship between an issue in world economic history and the related aspects of political, social and environmental history.

    • 16.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world social history.

      • 16.D.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Analyze the relationship between an issue in United States social history and the related aspects of political, economic and environmental history.

      • 16.D.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Analyze the relationship between an issue in world social history and the related aspects of political, economic and environmental history.

    • 16.E. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand Illinois, United States and world environmental history.

      • 16.E.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Analyze positive and negative aspects of human effects on the environment in the United States including damming rivers, fencing prairies and building cities.

      • 16.E.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: Local, State, and United States History

        Analyze the relationship between an issue in United States environmental history and the related aspects of political, economic and social history.

      • 16.E.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Analyze how technological and scientific developments have affected human productivity, human comfort and the environment.

      • 16.E.5d. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor: World History

        Analyze the relationship between an issue in world environmental history and the related aspects of political, economic and social history.

  • IL.17. State Goal / Strand: Geography

    Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 17.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Locate, describe and explain places, regions and features on the Earth.

      • 17.A.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Demonstrate how maps, other geographic instruments and technologies are used to solve spatial problems (e.g., land use, ecological concerns).

    • 17.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Analyze and explain characteristics and interactions on the Earth's physical systems.

      • 17.B.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze international issues and problems using ecosystems and physical geography concepts.

    • 17.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand relationships between geographic factors and society.

      • 17.C.5a. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Compare resource management methods and policies in different regions of the world.

      • 17.C.5b. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe the impact of human migrations and increased urbanization on ecosystems.

      • 17.C.5c. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Describe geographic factors that affect cooperation and conflict among societies.

    • 17.D. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the historical significance of geography.

      • 17.D.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze the historical development of a current issue involving the interaction of people and geographic factors (e.g., mass transportation, changes in agricultural subsidies, flood control).

  • IL.18. State Goal / Strand: Social Systems

    Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

    • 18.A. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions.

      • 18.A.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, economic and technological changes.

    • 18.B. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society.

      • 18.B.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Use methods of social science inquiry (pose questions, collect and analyze data, make and support conclusions with evidence, report findings) to study the development and functions of social systems and report conclusions to a larger audience.

    • 18.C. State Goal / Learning Standard:

      Understand how social systems form and develop over time.

      • 18.C.5. Learning Standard / Performance Descriptor:

        Analyze how social scientists' interpretations of societies, cultures and institutions change over time.

 
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