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Florida: 6th-Grade Standards

  • FL.SS.A.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands historical chronology and the historical perspective.

    • SS.A.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how patterns, chronology, sequencing (including cause and effect), and the identification of historical periods are influenced by frames of reference.

      • SS.A.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands that historical events are subject to different interpretations.

      • SS.A.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands chronology (for example, knows how to construct and label a timeline of events).

    • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the relative value of primary and secondary sources and uses this information to draw conclusions from historical sources such as data in charts, tables, graphs.

      • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student distinguishes between fact and opinion.

      • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student distinguishes between primary and secondary sources of information.

      • SS.A.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student interprets data from charts, tables, and graphs.

    • SS.A.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how to impose temporal structure on historical narratives.

      • SS.A.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.A.1.3.1.

  • FL.SS.A.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands the world from its beginnings to the time of the Renaissance.

    • SS.A.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how language, ideas, and institutions of one culture can influence other (e.g., through trade, exploration, and immigration).

      • SS.A.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways language, ideas, and institutions of one culture can influence other cultures (for example, trade, religions in the Eastern Hemisphere).

    • SS.A.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how major historical developments have had an impact on the development of civilizations.

      • SS.A.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways major historical developments have influenced selected groups over time (for example, the rise and spread of the Muslim religion).

    • SS.A.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands important technological developments and how they influenced human society.

      • SS.A.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways technological factors have influenced selected groups over time (for example, agriculture in the Eastern hemisphere).

    • SS.A.2.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the impact of geographical factors on the historical development of civilizations.

      • SS.A.2.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways geographical factors have influenced selected groups (for example, the development of the Tibetan civilization in the Himalayan Mountains).

    • SS.A.2.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant historical leaders who shaped the development of early cultures (e.g., military, political, and religious leaders in various civilizations).

      • SS.A.2.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows significant aspects of the lives and accomplishments of selected men and women in the historical period of ancient civilizations (for example, Confucius, Buddha).

    • SS.A.2.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the major events that shaped the development of various cultures (e.g., the spread of agrarian societies, population movements, technological and cultural innovation, and the emergence of new population centers).

      • SS.A.2.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows major events that shaped the development of various cultures (for example, development and spread of major religions).

    • SS.A.2.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant achievements in art and architecture in various urban areas and communities to the time of the Renaissance (e.g., the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, pyramids in Egypt, temples in ancient Greece, bridges and aqueducts in ancient Rome, changes in European art and architecture between the Middle Ages and the High Renaissance).

      • SS.A.2.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows examples of significant achievements in art and architecture (for example, Chinese and Japanese ink drawing, temple complexes in Southeast Asia).

    • SS.A.2.3.8 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the political, social, and economic institutions that characterized the significant aspects of Eastern and Western civilizations.

      • SS.A.2.3.8 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows roles of political, economic, and social institutions in the development of selected civilizations (for example, caste system in India).

  • FL.SS.A.3. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands Western and Eastern civilization since the Renaissance.

    • SS.A.3.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways in which cultural characteristics have been transmitted from one society to another (e.g., through art, architecture, language, other artifacts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behaviors).

      • SS.A.3.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways in which cultural characteristics have been transmitted from one society to another (for example, through art, architecture, language, other artifacts).

    • SS.A.3.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the historical events that have shaped the development of cultures throughout the world.

      • SS.A.3.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands selected historical events that have shaped the development of selected cultures (for example, the spread of Communism in Asia).

    • SS.A.3.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how physical and human geographic factors have influenced major historical events and movements.

      • SS.A.3.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways geographical factors have influenced selected cultures (for example, the Great Wall of China, major rivers systems in the Eastern hemisphere).

    • SS.A.3.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows significant historical leaders who have influenced the course of events in Eastern and Western civilizations since the Renaissance.

      • SS.A.3.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows aspects of the lives and accomplishments of significant men and women in selected regions since the Renaissance (for example, Ghandi, Mao Ze-dong, Mother Teresa).

    • SS.A.3.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the differences between institutions of Eastern and Western civilizations (e.g., differences in governments, social traditions and customs, economic systems and religious institutions).

      • SS.A.3.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands selected aspects of political, economic, and social institutions in selected cultures in Eastern civilizations (for example, governments, social traditions and customs, economic systems, religious institutions).

  • FL.SS.A.4. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands United States history to 1880.

    • SS.A.4.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the factors involved in the development of cities and industries (e.g., religious needs, the need for military protection, the need for a marketplace, changing spatial patterns, and geographical factors for location such as transportation and food supply).

      • SS.A.4.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.4.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the role of physical and cultural geography in shaping events in the United States (e.g., environmental and climatic influences on settlement of the colonies, the American Revolution, and the Civil War).

      • SS.A.4.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.4.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the impact of significant people and ideas on the development of values and traditions in the United States prior to 1880.

      • SS.A.4.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.4.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways state and federal policy influenced various Native American tribes (e.g., the Cherokee and Choctaw removals, the loss of Native American homelands, the Black Hawk War, and removal policies in the Old Northwest).

      • SS.A.4.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

  • FL.SS.A.5. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands United States history from 1880 to the present day.

    • SS.A.5.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the role of physical and cultural geography in shaping events in the United States since 1880 (e.g., Western settlement, immigration patterns, and urbanization).

      • SS.A.5.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.5.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways that significant individuals and events influenced economic, social, and political systems in the United States after 1880.

      • SS.A.5.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.5.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the causes and consequences of urbanization that occurred in the United States after 1880 (e.g., causes such as industrialization; consequences such as poor living conditions in cities and employment conditions).

      • SS.A.5.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

  • FL.SS.A.6. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Time, Continuity, and Change [History]

    The student understands the history of Florida and its people.

    • SS.A.6.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how immigration and settlement patterns have shaped the history of Florida.

      • SS.A.6.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.6.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the unique geographic and demographic characteristics that define Florida as a region.

      • SS.A.6.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.6.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how the environment of Florida has been modified by the values, traditions, and actions of various groups who have inhabited the state.

      • SS.A.6.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.6.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how the interactions of societies and cultures have influenced Florida's history.

      • SS.A.6.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.A.6.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands how Florida has allocated and used resources and the consequences of those economic decisions.

      • SS.A.6.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

  • FL.SS.B.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: People, Places, and Environments [Geography]

    The student understands the world in spatial terms.

    • SS.B.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student uses various map forms (including thematic maps) and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report geographic information including patterns of land use, connections between places, and patterns and processes of migration and diffusion.

      • SS.B.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows various map forms and other geographic representations (for example, maps, globes, aerial photographs, satellite-produced images).

      • SS.B.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student uses various map forms to acquire information (for example, location, distance, direction, scale, symbol).

      • SS.B.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student uses various map forms to process and report geographic information (for example, patterns of land use, connections between places, patterns and processes of migration and diffusion).

    • SS.B.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student uses mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments.

      • SS.B.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student develops and uses mental maps of selected regions (for example, from memory the student identifies the continent on which a country is located).

    • SS.B.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the social, political, and economic divisions on Earth's surface.

      • SS.B.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands that people create social, political, and economic geographic divisions of the Earth's surface (for example, national borders).

      • SS.B.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows selected social, political, and economic divisions in selected regions (for example, national borders in the Eastern hemisphere).

    • SS.B.1.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways factors such as culture and technology influence the perception of places and regions.

      • SS.B.1.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways judgments about cultural characteristics and degree of technological development influence perception of places and regions (for example, the designation of 'third-world country').

    • SS.B.1.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows ways in which the spatial organization of a society changes over time.

      • SS.B.1.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways in which the spatial organization of a society changes over time (for example, urban sprawl as a result of industrialization).

    • SS.B.1.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways in which regional systems are interconnected.

      • SS.B.1.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows physical and human criteria used to define regions (for example, hemispheres, mountains, deserts, countries, city boundaries, school districts).

    • SS.B.1.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the spatial aspects of communication and transportation systems.

      • SS.B.1.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands spatial aspects of communication and transportation systems in selected regions (for example (time required to travel and communicate over distances reduced by technological developments).

  • FL.SS.B.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: People, Places, and Environments [Geography]

    The student understands the interactions of people and the physical environment.

    • SS.B.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the patterns and processes of migration and diffusion throughout the world.

      • SS.B.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows examples of migration patterns and processes in selected regions.

    • SS.B.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the human and physical characteristics of different places in the world and how these characteristics change over time.

      • SS.B.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows ways physical and human characteristics of selected regions have changed over time (for example, aftereffects of volcanic activity, development of cities).

    • SS.B.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways cultures differ in their use of similar environments and resources.

      • SS.B.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways various cultures use similar resources and environments (for example, differing methods of irrigation).

    • SS.B.2.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways the landscape and society change as a consequence of shifting from a dispersed to a concentrated settlement form.

      • SS.B.2.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.A.4.3.1.

    • SS.B.2.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the geographical factors that affect the cohesiveness and integration of countries.

      • SS.B.2.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands the various geographic factors that may divide or unite a country (for example, mountains, rivers, valleys).

    • SS.B.2.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment in various world locations.

      • SS.B.2.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment in selected regions (effects of deforestation such as reduction in biodiversity).

    • SS.B.2.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows how various human systems throughout the world have developed in response to conditions in the physical environment.

      • SS.B.2.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows examples of human systems that have been developed in response to opportunities afforded by the environment (for example, settlements in valleys, transportation on waterways).

    • SS.B.2.3.8 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows world patterns of resource distribution and utilization.

      • SS.B.2.3.8 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student knows patterns of resource distribution and use in selected regions (for example, distribution of arable land).

    • SS.B.2.3.9 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways the interaction between physical and human systems affects current conditions on Earth.

      • SS.B.2.3.9 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in SS.B.2.3.6 and SS.B.2.3.7.

  • FL.SS.C.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Government and the Citizen [Civics and Government]

    The student understands the structure, functions, and purpose of government and how the principles and values of American democracy are reflected in American constitutional government.

    • SS.C.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the essential ideas of American constitutional government that are expressed in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Federalist Papers, and other writings.

      • SS.C.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands major ideas about why government is necessary and the purposes government should serve.

      • SS.C.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways the legislative, executive, and judicial branches share power and responsibilities (e.g., each branch has varying degrees of legislative, executive, and judicial powers and responsibilities).

      • SS.C.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.1.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the major parts of the federal system including the national government, state governments, and other governmental units (e.g., District of Columbia, American tribal governments, and the Virgin Islands).

      • SS.C.1.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.1.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the major responsibilities of his or her state and local governments and understands the organization of his or her state and local governments.

      • SS.C.1.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.1.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the importance of the rule of law in establishing limits on both those who govern and the governed, protecting individual rights, and promoting the common good.

      • SS.C.1.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

  • FL.SS.C.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Government and the Citizen [Civics and Government]

    The student understands the role of the citizen in American democracy.

    • SS.C.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the history of the rights, liberties, and obligations of citizenship in the United States.

      • SS.C.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands that citizenship is legally recognized full membership in a self-governing community that confers equal rights under the law; is not dependent on inherited, involuntary groupings; and confers certain rights and privileges (e.g., the right to vote, to hold public office, and to serve on juries).

      • SS.C.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the argument that all rights have limits and knows the criteria commonly used in determining when and why limits should be placed on rights (e.g., whether a clear and present danger exists and whether national security is at risk).

      • SS.C.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.2.3.4 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands what constitutes personal, political, and economic rights and the major documentary sources of these rights.

      • SS.C.2.3.4 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.2.3.5 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways he or she can contact his or her representatives and why it is important to do so and knows which level of government he or she should contact to express his or her opinions or to get help on a specific problem.

      • SS.C.2.3.5 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.2.3.6 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the importance of participation in community service, civic improvement, and political activities.

      • SS.C.2.3.6 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.C.2.3.7 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands current issues involving rights that affect local, national, or international political, social, and economic systems.

      • SS.C.2.3.7 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands ways current issues affect political, social, and economic systems in selected regions.

  • FL.SS.D.1. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Production, Distribution, and Consumption [Economics]

    The student understands ways scarcity requires individuals and institutions to make choices about how to use resources.

    • SS.D.1.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the options and resources that are available for consumer protection.

      • SS.D.1.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.D.1.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the advantages and disadvantages of various kinds of credit (e.g., credit cards, bank loans, or financing with no payment for 6 months).

      • SS.D.1.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

    • SS.D.1.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands the variety of factors necessary to consider when making wise consumer decisions.

      • SS.D.1.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

  • FL.SS.D.2. Standard / Body Of Knowledge: Production, Distribution, and Consumption [Economics]

    The student understands the characteristics of different economic systems and institutions.

    • SS.D.2.3.1 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student understands ways production and distribution decisions are determined in the United States economy and how these decisions compare to those made in market, tradition-based, command, and mixed economic systems.

      • SS.D.2.3.1 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        The student understands elements of basic economic systems commonly found in selected regions (for example, tradition-based and command economies in the Eastern hemisphere).

    • SS.D.2.3.2 Benchmark / Big Idea: The student understands that relative prices and how they affect people's decisions are the means by which a market system provides answers to the three basic economic questions

      What goods and services will be produced? How will they be produced? Who will buy them?

      • SS.D.2.3.2 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in seventh and eighth grades.

    • SS.D.2.3.3 Benchmark / Big Idea:

      The student knows the various kinds of specialized institutions that exist in market economies (e.g., corporations, labor unions, banks, and the stock market).

      • SS.D.2.3.3 Benchmark / Descriptor:

        No grade level expectation - Content addressed in eighth grade.

 
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