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California: Kindergarten Standards

  • CA.K.1. Content Standard: Learning and Working Now and Long Ago

    Students understand that being a good citizen involves acting in certain ways.

    • K.1.1. Performance Standard:

      Follow rules, such as sharing and taking turns, and know the consequences of breaking them.

    • K.1.2. Performance Standard:

      Learn examples of honesty, courage, determination, individual responsibility, and patriotism in American and world history from stories and folklore.

    • K.1.3. Performance Standard:

      Know beliefs and related behaviors of characters in stories from times past and understand the consequences of the characters' actions.

  • CA.K.2. Content Standard: Learning and Working Now and Long Ago

    Students recognize national and state symbols and icons such as the national and state flags, the bald eagle, and the Statue of Liberty.

  • CA.K.3. Content Standard: Learning and Working Now and Long Ago

    Students match simple descriptions of work that people do and the names of related jobs at the school, in the local community, and from historical accounts.

  • CA.K.4. Content Standard: Learning and Working Now and Long Ago

    Students compare and contrast the locations of people, places, and environments and describe their characteristics.

    • K.4.1. Performance Standard:

      Determine the relative locations of objects using the terms near/far, left/right, and behind/in front.

    • K.4.2. Performance Standard:

      Distinguish between land and water on maps and globes and locate general areas referenced in historical legends and stories.

    • K.4.3. Performance Standard:

      Identify traffic symbols and map symbols (e.g., those for land, water, roads, cities).

    • K.4.4. Performance Standard:

      Construct maps and models of neighborhoods, incorporating such structures as police and fire stations, airports, banks, hospitals, supermarkets, harbors, schools, homes, places of worship, and transportation lines.

    • K.4.5. Performance Standard:

      Demonstrate familiarity with the school's layout, environs, and the jobs people do there.

  • CA.K.5. Content Standard: Learning and Working Now and Long Ago

    Students put events in temporal order using a calendar, placing days, weeks, and months in proper order.

  • CA.K.6. Content Standard: Learning and Working Now and Long Ago

    Students understand that history relates to events, people, and places of other times.

    • K.6.1. Performance Standard:

      Identify the purposes of, and the people and events honored in, commemorative holidays, including the human struggles that were the basis for the events (e.g., Thanksgiving, Independence Day, Washington's and Lincoln's Birthdays, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Memorial Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day).

    • K.6.2. Performance Standard:

      Know the triumphs in American legends and historical accounts through the stories of such people as Pocahontas, George Washington, Booker T. Washington, Daniel Boone, and Benjamin Franklin.

    • K.6.3. Performance Standard:

      Understand how people lived in earlier times and how their lives would be different today (e.g., getting water from a well, growing food, making clothing, having fun, forming organizations, living by rules and laws).

  • CA.K-5.HSS Content Standard: Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills

    The intellectual skills noted below are to be learned through, and applied to, the content standards for kindergarten through grade five. They are to be assessed only in conjunction with the content standards in kindergarten through grade five. In addition to the standards for kindergarten through grade five, students demonstrate the following intellectual, reasoning, reflection, and research skills.

    • K-5.CST. Performance Standard:

      Chronological and Spatial Thinking

      • K-5.1. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students place key events and people of the historical era they are studying in a chronological sequence and within a spatial context; they interpret time lines.

      • K-5.2. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students correctly apply terms related to time, including past, present, future, decade, century, and generation.

      • K-5.3. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students explain how the present is connected to the past, identifying both similarities and differences between the two, and how some things change over time and some things stay the same.

      • K-5.4. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students use map and globe skills to determine the absolute locations of places and interpret information available through a map's or globe's legend, scale, and symbolic representations.

      • K-5.5. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students judge the significance of the relative location of a place (e.g., proximity to a harbor, on trade routes) and analyze how relative advantages or disadvantages can change over time.

    • K-5.REPV. Performance Standard:

      Research, Evidence, and Point of View

      • K-5.1. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students differentiate between primary and secondary sources.

      • K-5.2. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students pose relevant questions about events they encounter in historical documents, eyewitness accounts, oral histories, letters, diaries, artifacts, photographs, maps, artworks, and architecture.

      • K-5.3. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students distinguish fact from fiction by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictionalized characters and events.

    • K-5.HI. Performance Standard:

      Historical Interpretation

      • K-5.1. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students summarize the key events of the era they are studying and explain the historical contexts of those events.

      • K-5.2. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students identify the human and physical characteristics of the places they are studying and explain how those features form the unique character of those places.

      • K-5.3. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students identify and interpret the multiple causes and effects of historical events.

      • K-5.4. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students conduct cost-benefit analyses of historical and current events.

 
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