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California: 2nd-Grade Standards

  • CA.2.1. Content Standard: People Who Make a Difference

    Students differentiate between things that happened long ago and things that happened yesterday.

    • 2.1.1. Performance Standard:

      Trace the history of a family through the use of primary and secondary sources, including artifacts, photographs, interviews, and documents.

    • 2.1.2. Performance Standard:

      Compare and contrast their daily lives with those of their parents, grandparents, and/ or guardians.

    • 2.1.3. Performance Standard:

      Place important events in their lives in the order in which they occurred (e.g., on a time line or storyboard).

  • CA.2.2. Content Standard: People Who Make a Difference

    Students demonstrate map skills by describing the absolute and relative locations of people, places, and environments.

    • 2.2.1. Performance Standard:

      Locate on a simple letter-number grid system the specific locations and geographic features in their neighborhood or community (e.g., map of the classroom, the school).

    • 2.2.2. Performance Standard: Label from memory a simple map of the North American continent, including the countries, oceans, Great Lakes, major rivers, and mountain ranges. Identify the essential map elements

      title, legend, directional indicator, scale, and date.

    • 2.2.3. Performance Standard:

      Locate on a map where their ancestors live( d), telling when the family moved to the local community and how and why they made the trip.

    • 2.2.4. Performance Standard:

      Compare and contrast basic land use in urban, suburban, and rural environments in California.

  • CA.2.3. Content Standard: People Who Make a Difference

    Students explain governmental institutions and practices in the United States and other countries.

    • 2.3.1. Performance Standard:

      Explain how the United States and other countries make laws, carry out laws, determine whether laws have been violated, and punish wrongdoers.

    • 2.3.2. Performance Standard:

      Describe the ways in which groups and nations interact with one another to try to resolve problems in such areas as trade, cultural contacts, treaties, diplomacy, and military force.

  • CA.2.4. Content Standard: People Who Make a Difference

    Students understand basic economic concepts and their individual roles in the economy and demonstrate basic economic reasoning skills.

    • 2.4.1. Performance Standard:

      Describe food production and consumption long ago and today, including the roles of farmers, processors, distributors, weather, and land and water resources.

    • 2.4.2. Performance Standard:

      Understand the role and interdependence of buyers (consumers) and sellers (producers) of goods and services.

    • 2.4.3. Performance Standard:

      Understand how limits on resources affect production and consumption (what to produce and what to consume).

  • CA.2.5. Content Standard: People Who Make a Difference

    Students understand the importance of individual action and character and explain how heroes from long ago and the recent past have made a difference in others' lives (e.g., from biographies of Abraham Lincoln, Louis Pasteur, Sitting Bull, George Washington Carver, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, Golda Meir, Jackie Robinson, Sally Ride).

  • CA.K-5.HSS Content Standard: Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills

    The intellectual skills noted below are to be learned through, and applied to, the content standards for kindergarten through grade five. They are to be assessed only in conjunction with the content standards in kindergarten through grade five. In addition to the standards for kindergarten through grade five, students demonstrate the following intellectual, reasoning, reflection, and research skills.

    • K-5.CST. Performance Standard:

      Chronological and Spatial Thinking

      • K-5.1. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students place key events and people of the historical era they are studying in a chronological sequence and within a spatial context; they interpret time lines.

      • K-5.2. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students correctly apply terms related to time, including past, present, future, decade, century, and generation.

      • K-5.3. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students explain how the present is connected to the past, identifying both similarities and differences between the two, and how some things change over time and some things stay the same.

      • K-5.4. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students use map and globe skills to determine the absolute locations of places and interpret information available through a map's or globe's legend, scale, and symbolic representations.

      • K-5.5. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students judge the significance of the relative location of a place (e.g., proximity to a harbor, on trade routes) and analyze how relative advantages or disadvantages can change over time.

    • K-5.REPV. Performance Standard:

      Research, Evidence, and Point of View

      • K-5.1. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students differentiate between primary and secondary sources.

      • K-5.2. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students pose relevant questions about events they encounter in historical documents, eyewitness accounts, oral histories, letters, diaries, artifacts, photographs, maps, artworks, and architecture.

      • K-5.3. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students distinguish fact from fiction by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictionalized characters and events.

    • K-5.HI. Performance Standard:

      Historical Interpretation

      • K-5.1. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students summarize the key events of the era they are studying and explain the historical contexts of those events.

      • K-5.2. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students identify the human and physical characteristics of the places they are studying and explain how those features form the unique character of those places.

      • K-5.3. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students identify and interpret the multiple causes and effects of historical events.

      • K-5.4. Grade Level Expectation:

        Students conduct cost-benefit analyses of historical and current events.

 
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