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Alaska: Prekindergarten Standards

AK.4. Performance / Content Standard: Cognition and General Knowledge

  • 4.45. Grade Level Expectation: Social Studies - History

    Children differentiate between events that happen in the past, present, and future.

    • 4.45.1. Grade Level Example:

      Retells a more complex story or event in somewhat sequential order

    • 4.45.2. Grade Level Example:

      Begins to use the vocabulary for days of the week and names of the months

    • 4.45.3. Grade Level Example:

      Describes events or objects from his/her personal or family history

    • 4.45.4. Grade Level Example:

      Begins to understand that people in the past lived differently than people do today

    • 4.45.5. Grade Level Example:

      Uses the future tense to discuss plans

    • 4.45.6. Grade Level Example:

      Progresses in understanding similarities and respecting differences among people, such as genders, race, special needs, culture, language, and family structures

    • 4.45.7. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes pictures of parents or grandparents when they were young.

  • 4.46. Grade Level Expectation: Social Studies - Geography

    Children demonstrate awareness of location and spatial relationships.

    • 4.46.1. Grade Level Example:

      Talks about location using appropriate vocabulary (e.g., near/far, over/under, next to)

    • 4.46.2. Grade Level Example:

      Describes some concepts of distance or space (e.g., knows it's far to Grandpa's house)

    • 4.46.3. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes that real places can be represented with symbols

  • 4.47. Grade Level Expectation: Social Studies - Geography

    Children demonstrate knowledge of the relationship between people, places, and regions.

    • 4.47.1. Grade Level Example:

      Describes some physical characteristics (e.g., bodies of water, mountains, weather) and some of the social characteristics of the corresponding communities (e.g., types of shelter, clothing, food, jobs)

    • 4.47.2. Grade Level Example:

      Helps to navigate on journeys (e.g., 'After you pass the big red barn, then my house is next.' Or 'I live by the bus stop.')

    • 4.47.3. Grade Level Example:

      Understands that there are different places that people live

  • 4.48. Grade Level Expectation: Social Studies - Economics

    Children demonstrate awareness of economic concepts.

    • 4.48.1. Grade Level Example:

      Realizes that making one choice means that you may not be able to do something else

    • 4.48.2. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes that people rely on others for goods and services

    • 4.48.3. Grade Level Example:

      Understands the concept of saving resources for use in the future

    • 4.48.4. Grade Level Example:

      Accurately names some coins and money bills (e.g., penny, nickel, dollar bill)

    • 4.48.5. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes that some things are owned by people and other things are collective goods

    • 4.48.6. Grade Level Example:

      Demonstrates understanding that coins of different sizes and colors have different names

  • 4.49. Grade Level Expectation: Social Studies - Ecology

    Children demonstrate awareness of the relationship between humans and the environment.

    • 4.49.1. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes, with adult support and guidance, how people can take care of the earth's limited resources or damage the earth

    • 4.49.2. Grade Level Example:

      Exhibits simple concepts of conservation (e.g., uses paper judiciously, does not waste water)

    • 4.49.3. Grade Level Example:

      Shows interest in understanding how animals gather and store food, sleep, and live

  • 4.50. Grade Level Expectation: Social Studies - Technology

    Children use technology appropriately.

    • 4.50.1. Grade Level Example:

      Identifies ways in which technology helps people accomplish specific tasks (e.g., 'The wheelchair helps Alfonso get from one place to another.' 'E-mail lets you communicate with your friend Qavvik who lives far away.')

    • 4.50.2. Grade Level Example:

      Identifies alternate ways of doing things with and without technology (e.g., can use hands or dishwasher to clean dishes; can travel by foot or by car)

    • 4.50.3. Grade Level Example:

      Considers, with adult guidance, what it must have been like to live without technology in an earlier time

    • 4.50.4. Grade Level Example:

      Uses computer for simple 'point and click' operations on child-appropriate Web sites or software

  • 4.51. Grade Level Expectation: Family, Community, and Culture - Family

    Children demonstrate awareness of family characteristics and functions.

    • 4.51.1. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes extended family members (e.g., cousins, aunts, uncles)

    • 4.51.2. Grade Level Example:

      Talks about how other children have different family compositions other than own

  • 4.52. Grade Level Expectation: Family, Community, and Culture - Community

    Children demonstrate awareness of their community, human interdependence, and social roles.

    • 4.52.1. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes others' capabilities in specific areas (e.g., 'That woman is good at fixing cars.')

    • 4.52.2. Grade Level Example:

      Identifies some types of jobs and some of the tools used to perform those jobs

    • 4.52.3. Grade Level Example:

      Demonstrates an understanding of social behavior and personal responsibility as a member of a group (e.g., 'If you put away the toys, then I'll clean up the art table.')

  • 4.53. Grade Level Expectation: Family, Community, and Culture - Community

    Children demonstrate civic responsibility.

    • 4.53.1. Grade Level Example:

      Exhibits positive citizenship behaviors by sharing, taking turns, following rules, and taking responsibility for classroom jobs

    • 4.53.2. Grade Level Example:

      Participates in democratic group processes as a way of making choices (e.g., voting or discussion)

    • 4.53.3. Grade Level Example:

      Demonstrates awareness for the reasons for rules and laws

    • 4.53.4. Grade Level Example:

      Exhibits personal responsibility, choice, and leadership in the context of self-help skills and duties/roles that benefit the family or class

    • 4.53.5. Grade Level Example:

      Participates in community events that promote interdependence, with assistance

  • 4.54. Grade Level Expectation: Family, Community, and Culture - Culture

    Children demonstrate awareness and appreciation of their own and others' cultures.

    • 4.54.1. Grade Level Example:

      Talks about, compares, and explores similarities and differences in daily practices across cultures

    • 4.54.2. Grade Level Example:

      Expresses understanding about other children's cultures through conversations, dramatic play, interactions, and items from home

    • 4.54.3. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes and celebrates similarities and differences between people of different cultures

    • 4.54.4. Grade Level Example:

      Recognizes stereotypes and culturally or linguistically unfair or biased behavior