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Alabama: 2nd-Grade Standards

AL.2 Standard: Living and Working Together in State and Nation

The goal of the second-grade curriculum is to introduce students to major historical events, figures, and symbols related to the principles of American democracy. Children learn to value differences among people and exemplify a respect for the rights and opinions of others.


  • 2.1.1 Students will:

    Relate principles of American democracy to the founding of the nation (History, Civics and Government).

  • 2.1.2 Students will practice:

    • Identifying reasons for the settlement of the thirteen colonies
    • Recognizing basic principles of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, the establishment of the three branches of government, and the Emancipation Proclamation
    • Demonstrating the voting process, including roles of major political parties
    • Utilizing school and classroom rules to reinforce democratic values


  • 2.2.1 Students will:

    Identify national historical figures and celebrations that exemplify fundamental democratic values, including equality, justice, and responsibility for the common good (History, Civics and Government).

  • 2.2.2 Students will practice:

    • Recognizing our country’s founding fathers, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Patrick Henry, John Adams, John Hancock, and James Madison
    • Recognizing historical female figures, including Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison, Harriet Tubman, and Harriet Beecher Stowe
    • Describing the significance of national holidays, including the birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., Presidents’ Day, Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Veterans Day, and Thanksgiving Day
    • Describing the history of American symbols and monuments
      • Grade Level Example:

        Liberty Bell, Statue of Liberty, bald eagle, United States flag, Washington Monument, Lincoln Memorial


  • 2.3. Students will:

    Use various primary sources, including calendars and timelines, for constructing the past (Geography, History).

    • Grade Level Example:

      historical letters, stories, interviews with elders, photographs, maps, artifacts


  • 2.4. Students will:

    Use vocabulary to describe segments of time, including year, decade, score, and century (History).


  • 2.5.1 Students will:

    Differentiate between a physical map and a political map (Geography).

    • Grade Level Example:

      physical map—illustrating rivers and mountains political map—illustrating symbols for states and capitals

  • 2.5.2 Students will practice:

    Using vocabulary associated with geographical features, including latitude, longitude, and border.


  • 2.6.1 Students will:

    Identify states, continents, oceans, and the equator using maps, globes, and technology (Geography).

  • 2.6.2 Students will practice:

    • Identifying map elements, including title, legend, compass rose, and scale
    • Identifying the intermediate directions of northeast, southeast, northwest, and southwest
    • Recognizing technological resources such as a virtual globe, satellite images, and radar
    • Locating points on a grid/li>


  • 2.7.1 Students will:

    Explain production and distribution processes (Economics).

    • Grade Level Example:

      tracing milk supply from dairy to consumer

  • 2.7.2 Students will practice:

    • Identifying examples of imported and exported goods
    • Describing the impact of consumer choices and decisions on supply and demand


  • 2.8.1 Students will:

    Describe how scarcity affects supply and demand of natural resources and human-made products (Economics).

    • Grade Level Example:

      cost of gasoline during oil shortages, price and expiration date of perishable foods


  • 2.9.1 Students will:

    Describe how and why people from various cultures immigrate to the United States (Geography, Civics and Government).

    • Grade Level Example:

      how—ships, planes, automobiles
      why—improved quality of life, family connections, disasters

  • 2.9.2 Students will practice:

    Describing the importance of cultural unity and diversity within and across groups


  • 2.10.1 Students will:

    Identify ways people throughout a country are affected by their human and physical environments (Economics, Geography).

    • Grade Level Example:

      land use, housing, occupations

  • 1.10.2 Students will practice:

    • Comparing physical features of regions throughout the country
      • Grade Level Example:

        differences in a desert environment, a tropical rain forest, and a polar region

    • Identifying positive and negative ways people affect the environment
      • Grade Level Example:

        positive—restocking fish in lakes, reforesting cleared land
        negative—polluting water, littering roadways, eroding soil

    • Recognizing benefits of recreation and tourism at
      state and national parks


  • 2.11.1 Students will:

    Interpret legends, stories, and songs that contributed to the development of the cultural history of the United States (History).

    • Grade Level Example:

      American Indian legends, African-American stories, tall tales, stories of folk heroes