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Mapping the Past

Jan 16 2012
Instructions
Map, Captain John Smith's Map of Virginia, 1612

John Smith drew the map below, first published in London in 1612, for the Virginia Company. What does it tell you? Start by looking closely at the details and then answer these questions about what you see. (Download a larger version here.)


  1. What do these symbols in Smith's key (see above) stand for?
    A.

    Locations of fish and locations of deer

    B.

    Gold deposits and steel deposits

    C.

    Native villages and possible locations for English settlements

    D.

    Two types of native dwellings


  2. Two coats of arms appear on the map. To whom do they belong?
    A.

    The English crown and John Smith

    B.

    The English crown and Christopher Columbus

    C.

    The English crown and John Ratcliffe

    D.

    The English crown (the two seals are variations on the royal coat of arms)


  3. How many modes of transportation appear on the map?
    A.

    None

    B.

    1: English boats

    C.

    2: English boats and native boats

    D.

    3: English boats, native boats, and horses


  4. What do the crosses on the map mark (see above)?
    A.

    Locations of buried treasure

    B.

    The boundaries of Smith's exploration

    C.

    Abandoned native dwellings

    D.

    Places where the Virginia Company dug for gold